Orthoplastic Surgery & Orthopedic Care International Journal

Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

  • Open or Close Ortega Zufiria JM*

    University Hospital of Getafe, Spain

    *Corresponding author: Ortega Zufiria JM, Neurosurgery Service, University Hospital of Getafe, Getafe, Madrid, Spain

Submission: November 09, 2017; Published: March 14, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/OOIJ.2018.01.000515

ISSN: 2578-0069
Volume1 Issue3


Introduction: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (ASH) is a very serious phenomenon associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. After the initial hemorrhage, 50% of patients die, and 30-40% of patients re-blood during the first month. The percentage of deaths due to re-bleeding is between 60% and 75%. Re-bleeding prevention with both endovascular embolization and surgery, decrease mortality and improve the quality of life of survivors. Nowadays, endovascular embolization has become the method of choice to prevent re-bleeding, especially in Europe, largely replacing surgery.

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe a series of patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage treated at the University Hospital of Getafe between 1995 and 2015 (n=343; 185 surgically and 158 endovascular embolization), analyze the diagnosis and treatment, establish main prognosis factors and compare the results of both treatments (clip and coil).

Material and Method: We have made a retrospective study, by reviewing medical history, analyzing epidemiological data.

Results: We studied a total of 343 patients, 185 surgeries and 158 embolization. It has been shown that embolization, the treatment of choice today, has decreased the number of complications in these years.

Discussion: The long period of time analyzed, 20 years, does not allow a homogeneous study of the sample due to changes in the diagnostic and therapeutic criteria, but allows obtaining interesting results and conclusions.

Conclusion: It has been established that the performance of brain computed tomography (CT) and arteriography, and ICU admission, is the best medical management in these patients. In this study, clinical income situation, the amount of blood in CT and the patient’s age, have proved the most decisive factors in the final outcome. Endovascular embolization is a safe method of treating ruptured aneurysms.

Keywords: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage; Intracranial Aneurysm; Therapeutics; Prognosis

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