1 Bahir Dar Fisheries and Other Aquatic Life Research Center, Ethiopia
2 Department of Agricultural Economics, Mizan Tepi University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author: Erkie Asmare Beyene, Bahir Dar Fisheries and Other Aquatic Life Research Center, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Submission: July 06, 2018; Published: August 15, 2018
ISSN 2578-0247Volume2 Issue2
Efficiency analysis using parametric and nonparametric methods have monopolized the recent literature of efficiency measurement. However, the choice of estimation method has been an issue of debate. This review was aimed to: provide information on the concepts, types and methods of applying parametric and nonparametric methods of efficiency analysis and review on the advantages and disadvantages of the two methods of efficiency analysis. Parametric methods of efficiency analysis have significant advantages by distinguishing and modeling the random noise from inefficiency. However, this method requires specification of the model and separating random noise from the true in efficiency may be restrictive in most cases. On the other hand, the nonparametric method has the potential to impose axiomatic properties and estimate the frontier nonparametrically.
In addition, it has gained popularity because of it does not have as many restrictive assumptions as parametric method. However, nonparametric methods have deficiencies; because of it does not distinguish between the true inefficiency and statistical noise effects. Therefore, the full distance from a brand to the efficiency frontier is interpreted as inefficiency. Generally, the parametric technique is more attractive when the data suffer from serious measurement errors and random events. On the other way, nonparametric may be a better choice when random disturbances are less of an issue. Therefore, a parametric and nonparametric method is not direct competitors but rather complements: in the trade off between parametric and nonparametric, something is sacrificed for something to be gained. Hence, joint use of parametric and non-parametric techniques to the measurement of efficiency is a novel issue in efficiency study.
Keywords: Efficiency analysis; Stochastic frontier; Random noise; Data envelopment analysis