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Abstract

Novel Techniques in Nutrition and Food Science

Not Only on Bread and Water. The Nutrition of Prisoners in the Kingdom of Poland in the 19th Century

  • Open or CloseAnna Trojanowska*

    Department of Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

    *Corresponding author:Anna Trojanowska, Department of Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

Submission: February 10, 2020;Published: February 19, 2020

Volume4 Issue5
February, 2020

Abstract

At the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries, Europe saw the birth of prison reform. The repressive approach to prisoners underwent gradual changes. The penalty of the deprivation of liberty lost its character of revenge, was supposed to be educational and to serve social rehabilitation. Starvation as a deterrent to crime was considered too cruel. However, punishment had to be severe and acute, and poor diet was one way of mortifying the body. Therefore, the prisoners’ diet was to meet the needs of physical workers, but at the same time it had to be unvarying and cheapest. It was modeled on a peasant diet, consisting mainly of plant products.

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