Crimson Publishers Publish With Us Reprints e-Books Video articles

Full Text

Novel Approaches in Cancer Study

Awareness about Melanoma in Biotechnology Students

Muhammad Imran Qadir* and Sidra Zafar

Bahauddin Zakariya University, Pakistan

*Corresponding author:Muhammad Imran Qadir, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

Submission: June 01, 2018;Published: July 17, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/NACS.2018.01.000521

ISSN:2637-773X
Volume1 Issue5

Abstract

Most common type of cancer is melanoma which occurs abundantly worldwide. Melanin is a skin pigment that is produced by skin melanocytes in case or malignant melanoma that effects the melanocytes and then cause the faults in pigment production. The occurrence of melanoma is most common in people with light colored skin on exposure to sunlight as compared to darker ones. The basic purpose of this study was to determine the awareness among the biotechnology students about the melanoma. A questionnaire based on 15 questions about melanoma was developed and being fulfilled by postgraduate students. Survey shows that 81% of total students thought the major cause of melanoma is not virus. On average 56-67% students thought that melanoma is either a genetic disease or it arises due to metabolic problems. This survey among biotechnology students of M. Phil. shows that some are aware and some are not aware about melanoma.

keywords: Telomerase; Topoisomerase; Telomeres; Quercetin

Introduction

Most common type of cancer is melanoma which occurs abundantly worldwide. Melanin is a skin pigment that is produced by skin melanocytes in case or malignant melanoma that effects the melanocytes and then cause the faults in pigment production. The occurrence of melanoma is most common in people with light colored skin on exposure to sunlight as compared to darker ones. Melanoma is caused by the mutation in CDKN2A and CDK4 genes. Chromosome 1 (1p22) and some other genes may be the cause of melanoma but it is still under observation [1]. In US alone, 1 person dies of melanoma in every 52 minutes. Besides, New Zealand and Australia are the top countries with highest death rate associated with melanoma patients. The statistics may become aggravated in future if ozone layer remains unrepaired or continues to deplete. When compared, there are far lesser studies conducted on melanoma and the use of gold nanoparticles than other types of cancers such as prostate, breast, lung cancers. As with other cancers, effective treatment strategies needs to be studied about melanoma due to the large no. of deaths associated with it which cannot be ignored [2]. The basic purpose of this study was to determine the awareness among the biotechnology students about the melanoma.

Methodology

A questionnaire based on 15 questions about melanoma was developed (Table 1). This questionnaire was distributed among 38 students of M. Phil. Biotechnology of Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan and being fulfilled by them. This survey is given in (Table 1).

Table 1: Questionnaire to evaluate awareness about etiology of Melanoma.


Result and Discussion

Awareness of postgraduate students about etiology of the melanoma is given in (Table 2). Survey shows that 81% of total students thought the major cause of melanoma is not virus. On average 56- 67 % students thought that melanoma is either a genetic disease or it arises due to metabolic problems. Almost 100% of students said that the never encounter melanoma in their family and relatives. 30-40 % students thought the transmission of melanoma is inherited. 91% of students thought medicine is the effective treatment of melanoma and 54% students thought that surgery is also an effective treatment. Previous studies show that 3 Survey of skin diseases in Asian people among 9273 children, the 11 most common diagnoses were eczema (49.3%), viral infections (6.5%), pigmentation disorders (5.5%), bacterial infections (4.9%), parasitic infections (3.8%), urticaria (3.8%), acne vulgaris (3.1%), fungal infections (2.5%), alopecias (1.8%), and psoriasis (1.1%). Most common disease in Asian people is Eczema [3].

Table 2: Awareness about etiology of Melanoma: views of postgraduate biology students.


Conclusion

This survey among biotechnology students of M. Phil. shows that some are aware and some are not aware about melanoma, while some are fully aware and others are not fully aware about melanoma.

References

  1. Orthaber K, Pristovnik M, Skok K, Perić B, Maver U (2017) Skin cancer and its treatment: novel treatment approaches with emphasis on nanotechnology. Journal of Nanomaterials 2017: 1-20.
  2. Siegel RL, Miller KD, Jemal A (2016) Cancer statistics, 2016. Cancer J Clin 66(1): 7-30.
  3. Taylor SC (2003) Epidemiology of skin diseases in people of color. Cutis 71(4): 271-275.

© 2018 Muhammad Imran Qadir. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.



About Crimson

We at Crimson Publishing are a group of people with a combined passion for science and research, who wants to bring to the world a unified platform where all scientific know-how is available read more...

Leave a comment

Contact Info

  • Crimson Publishers, LLC
  • 555 Madison Avenue, 5th floor
  •     New York, NY 10022, USA
  • +1 (929) 600-8049
  • +1 (929) 447-1137
  • info@crimsonpublishers.com
  • www.crimsonpublishers.com