Manju Das1, Biswas SK2, Zaman S1, and Mitra A3
1Department of Oceanography, TIU, Salt Lake, Kolkata-95, India
2Department of Civil Engineering, TIU, Salt Lake, India
3Department of Marine Science. C.U. Kolkata, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding author: Manju Das, Department of Oceanography, TIU, Salt Lake, Kolkata-95, India
Submission: June 08, 2019Published: August 04, 2020
ISSN 2637-7659Volume7 Issue 1
Utility of keeping ornamental plants not only beautify your place of residence but helps to add oxygen to purify air. Plants absorb more carbon-di-oxide during daytime and prepare their own food. Oxygen releases to the surroundings and helps to breathe properly. Dates back from Mesopotamian era human settlement has a tendency to beautify their surroundings with ornamental plants. (“First use of ornamental plants in the history of urbanization” by Osman Zeybek ). Different chrome in leaves are quite attractive. It attracts human eyes too. Keeping ornamental plants and decorate is a natural tendency of human habitation.
Keywords: Ornamental plants; Oxygen; Chrome; Human habitation
Ornamental plants in small pots or in soil of adjacent house is quite remarkable. Growth of those plants depend upon care. Water, Sunlight, sufficient air, and temperature record is necessary at least for twice a day. In the morning and before evening plants require water and need care to watch their growth day by day. Size of leaf, length of stem, colour of leaves, roots are in soil. This wonderful heart shaped Arum sp. is monocotyledonous. It propagates through bulbs. Roots are wonderful to preserve for anatomical and physiological structures. Internal arrangement of cells is like monocot plants.
Few bulbs with stem and leaves are embedded in soil placed in ornamental earthen pot. Mainly alluvial soil is suitable to grow this plant. Number of stems and number of leaves are increasing (Figure 1&2). During monsoon leaves are more attractive with bright red and green coloured foliage. Leaf lamina is heart shaped. Sometimes in outer margin of leaf lamina water droplets appear due to transpiration. Watching development and growth of plants is interesting (Table 1). Watering is an important part for this ornamental plant. Painting of this ornamental plant’s pot will add more attraction.
Figure 1: Ornamental plants in earthen pot beautify the surroundings.
Figure 2: Chart shows fluctuation of temperature during morning and evening.
Table 1: Table records seven days temperature of surrounding environment.
The suitability of the method, on the other hand, was positively tested in Northern Italian corn crops, where reference values of the QBS-ar index (76.4±23.5) for such environment were recorded . A multidisciplinary approach in conventional and organic stockless arable systems highlighted the responses of biological quality index to different forms of management and disturbance . The same is true for a 15 year study carried out in Central Italy, where mean QBS-ar value (75) resulted higher in no-tillage crops than in conventional tillage (43.3) . A sensitivity to different maize farming systems, with a maximum of 183 in fields converted to organic management for six years, was outlined too . Organic management led to higher quality scores (mean QBS-ar values over 150) than conventional management (mean 120) in sites under different cultivations (apple, kiwi, vineyards, strawberry, asparagus) . Moreover, an extensive research in South Tyrol  highlighted that QBS-ar reacts sensitively to land use and can serve as an important indicator for sustainable land use practices. Mean values ranging from 95-98 in anthropogenic habitats like arable fields and mountain pastures, to 175 in undisturbed mixed deciduous forest were obtained. In the Valpolicella area (Veneto), the index made it possible to differentiate, according to an increasing biological quality gradient, conventional vineyards (QBS-ar=92), organic green manure vineyards (QBS-ar=102) and classic organic vineyards (not subject to plowing disturbance characterizing green manure - QBS-ar=141) . The reliability of this tool to discriminate soil management practices in vineyards was highlighted also in Piedmont  and Northeast Portugal . In the former case it was recorded an increasing QBS-ar value from conventional (109), through integrated and organic, to biodynamic management practices (143). In the latter, the QBS-ar index was significantly higher in ground cover treatments (80) than in the tillage (48). Finally, it is worth remembering that, based on the same principle and approach of the QBS-ar index, some more specialized indices were suggested too. The QBS-C, is based only on the Collembolan community and it proved to be highly effective in the evaluation of differences in soils characterized by different organic matter content, moisture and mechanical tillage . More recently, the QBS-e, based on earthworms, was designed for farmers and operators with limited expertise on species taxonomy .
Ornamental plants are maintained in Park, garden, office, educational institute in road partition as well as in home décor. Keeping plants with wide spaces helps to propagate those Arum sp. Externally they are healthy with more foliage day by day and scarcity of water may destroy those plants.
Maintaing plants will purify air. Beautification is another profit.
© 2020 Robson da Silva Ramos. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.