Crimson Publishers Publish With Us Reprints e-Books Video articles

Full Text

Modern Applications in Pharmacy & Pharmacology

Pharmacovigilance and Behavioral Research

Masaraf Hussain*

Department of Neurology, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, India

*Corresponding author: Masaraf Hussain, Assistant Professor, Department of Neurology, North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Shillong, India

Submission: October 13, 2017; Published: February 16, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/MAPP.2018.01.000514

ISSN 2637-7756
Volume1 Issue3


Pharmacovigilance is a clinical discipline in its own right. It contributes to an ethos of safety and serves as an indicator of the standards of clinical care practiced within a country. In the last decade the field of neuroscience has accepted behavioral research as a necessary part of studies that previously contained only cellular or histologic findings. Behavioral assessment has become a part of Pre-clinical Pharmacovigilance. Pharmaceutical companies and toxicologist find themselves needing to comprehensively assess drug efficacy in a high throughput fashion, something that can take years to do in both humans and non-human primates over the course of the life span. Here transgenic mice have contributed enormous amount of data to this subject.

Genetically mutated mice are engineered to determine the effects of a specific gene, or intervention, in an effort to mimic human symptom. The development of the transgenic mouse, allows pre-clinical screening, on a mass level in a comparatively short period of time. The major concern for drug research studies are to accurately determine what changes can be attributed to the drug as opposed to the changes in behavior due to transgene manipulation. Therefore prior to using the mouse model the researcher needs to know what changes the gene modification has caused in the mouse model. Behavioral phenol typing is done. Currently such research is being done for Alzheimer's disease. The Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model carries the human gene for amyloid precursor protein, which is responsible for the formation of AD like plaques in humans. Such activity has also being done for Huntington's disease. Behavioral research identifies subtle phenotypic behavioral changes early in experimentation, and ones closely related to human behavior. This helps to streamline the pre-clinical drug efficacy process and increases pre-clinical pharmacovigilance [1-4].


  1. WHO. Essential medicines and health products information panel.
  2. Hsiao K, Chapman P, Nilsen S, Eckman C, Harigaya Y, et al. (1996) Correlative memory deficits and amyloid plaques in transgenic mice. Science 274(5284): 99-102.
  3. Maennl U Pharmacovigilance: A company wide challenge. Applied Clinical Trials 17: 50-58.
  4. Steele AD, Jackson WS, King OD, Lindquist S (2007) The power of automated high resolution behavior analysis in mouse models of Huntington's and prion disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104(6): 1983-1988.

© 2018 Masaraf Hussain. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.