1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Dadasaheb Balpande College of Pharmacy, India
2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Kamla Nehru College of Pharmacy, India
*Corresponding author: Debarshi Kar Mahapatra, Debarshi Kar Mahapatra, Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Dadasaheb Balpande College of Pharmacy, Nagpur 440037, Maharashtra, India
Submission: March 17, 2018; Published: August 03, 2018
ISSN 2637-7756Volume2 Issue2
Murrayanine is an active carbazole compound present in the Indian Curry tree, known as Murraya koenigii L. belonging to the family Rutaceae. Traditionally, it is known to exhibit anti-anemic, febrifuge, carminative, stomachic, purgative, astringent, and anti-helminthic. The present research involved the synthesis of (E)-3-(4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl)-1-(1-methoxy-9H-carbazol-3-yl)prop-2-en-1-one from murrayanine and 4-(imidazol-1- yl)acetophenone and exploring the anti-inflammatory activity of the fabricated hybrid. The current effort involved screening the significance of imidazole function present in the ring-B of the murrayanine-chalcone scaffold and their further optimization thereof with emphasis on structural aspects. A moderate edema reducing potential has been seen in the newly developed compound (3). As compared with the indomethacin, the standard drug, the chalcone exhibited impressive anti-inflammation effect after 3hrs. The activity may be mediated by inhibiting the pro-inflammatory constituents like cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and lipoxygenase (5-LOX) which may be due to the imidazole group and benzylidene acetophenone scaffold. This study will open new avenues of research by promoting the development of more potent natural product based hybrid compounds with a high level of safety. In successive studies, more derivatives may be prepared to rationally study the structural influence over the activity and to derive information which will be of applied interest.
Keywords: Murrayanine; Murraya koenigii; Imidazole; Chalcone; Inflammation; Synthesis
Abbreviations: COX-2: Cyclo Oxygenase-2; LOX: Lipoxygenase; DEC: Department Ethical Committee; TMS: Tetra Methyl Silane