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Modern Applications in Pharmacy & Pharmacology

Biomarker Guide: The Solution For Distinguish Viral From Bacterial Infections in Patients with Acute Exacerbation of COPD

  • Open or Close Salma Messous*

    Research laboratory, University of Monastir, Tunisia

    *Corresponding author: Salma Messous, Research laboratory (LR12SP18), University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia, Microbiology laboratory, Fattouma Bourguiba university hospital of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia

Submission: March 19, 2018; Published: March 22, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/MAPP.2018.01.000522

ISSN 2637-7756
Volume1 Issue5


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory disease of the airways, mainly associated with cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. The disease is characterized by a progressive and irreversible decline in lung function caused by airflow obstruction, destruction of parenchyma, and emphysema [1,2].

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