Crimson Publishers Publish With Us Reprints e-Books Video articles

Full Text

Modern Approaches in Drug Designing

Evaluation of the Impact of Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment on the Isotopic Abundance Ratio of Folic Acid Using LC-MS Spectrometry

Alice Branton1, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi1, Dahryn Trivedi1 and Snehasis Jana2*

1Trivedi Global, Inc., USA

2Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., India

*Corresponding author: Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd.,Thane-West, Maharashtra, India

Submission: December 07, 2020;Published: January 21, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/MADD.2020.03.000559

ISSN: 2576-9170
Volume3 Issue2

Abstract

Folic acid (vitamin B9 or folate) is one of the water-soluble B vitamins obtained from the foods and supplements, which have many functions in the body and also used for the prevention and treatment of folic acid deficiency disorders. This study was designed to investigate the impact of The Trivedi Effect®-Biofield Energy Healing Treatment on the structural properties and the isotopic abundance ratio of folic acid using LC-MS spectroscopy. The folic acid sample was divided into two parts, one part of folic acid was considered as the control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided), while the second part was treated with The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton and termed as the treated sample. The LC-MS spectra of both the samples at retention time (Rt) 1.83 minutes exhibited the mass of the molecular ion peak at 441.92 (calcd for C19H20N7O6+, 442.15) along with low molecular fragmented mass peaks at m/z 295.17, 267.17, 250. 25, and 208 for C14H11N6O2+, C12H15N2O5+, C12H12NO5+, and C11H14NO3+, respectively were also observed. The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 17O/16O) in the treated folic acid was significantly increased by 69.80% compared with the control sample.

Hence, the 13C, 2H, 15N, and 17O contributions from C19H20N7O6+ to m/z 442.75 in the Biofield Energy Treated sample were significantly increased compared with the control sample. The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 17O/16O) in the Biofield Energy Treated folic acid was significantly increased compared to the control sample. It can be assumed that the changes in isotopic abundance and mass peak intensities due to changes in nuclei possibly through the interference of neutrino particles are via The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment. The new form of Biofield Energy Treated folic acid would be better designing novel pharmaceutical formulations that might offer better therapeutic responses against glossitis, diarrhea, confusion, depression, anemia, gray hair, mouth sores, poor growth, swollen tongue, congenital deformities, embryonic defects, altered memory and brain function, leuco- and thrombocytopenia, cardiovascular disease, neural tube defects, and malignancies, risk of potentially developing allergic diseases, long-term risk of lower bone density, etc.

Keywords: Folic acid; The Trivedi Effect®, Biofield energy; Consciousness energy healing treatment; LC-MS

Introduction

Folic acid (Vitamin B9 or folate) is one of the water-soluble B vitamins obtained from the foods and supplements [1]. The daily amount of folate recommended for adults is 400 micrograms (mcg), while women in pregnancy advised to get 400 to 800mcg of folic acid a day [2]. The daily requirement of folate would be achieved using the food items containing the dark green leafy vegetables, fruits and fruit juices, nuts, soybeans, chickpeas, avocado, beetroot, spinach, liver, yeast, asparagus, kale, Brussels sprouts, dairy products, poultry and meat, eggs, seafood, grains, and some beers [3-6]. Folic acid acts as a cofactor are required for DNA replication, various intracellular reactions, and as a substrate for many enzymatic reactions included in vitamin metabolism and amino acid synthesis. Besides, folic acid is majorly involved in the synthesis and repair of genetic materials, i.e., DNA and RNA, aiding rapid cell division and growth, enhancing the overall brain health, and in age-related hearing loss [7]. In addition, folic acid plays an important role in normal blood formation, homocysteine levels, normal metabolism of the immune system, cell division, maintain normal maternal tissue growth during pregnancy, normal amino acid synthesis, control various common psychological functions, reduction of tiredness and fatigue. Folic acid deficiency might lead to various common health problems and is one of the common vitamin deficiencies, which might result from inadequate intake, defective absorption (i.e., Crohn's disease or celiac disease), abnormal metabolism or increased requirements during pregnant or breastfeeding, some genetic disorders, certain medicines (i.e., phenytoin, sulfasalazine, or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole), alcohol consumption, etc. Its deficiency leads to glossitis, diarrhea, confusion, depression, anemia, gray hair, mouth sores, poor growth, swollen tongue, congenital deformities, embryonic defects, altered memory and brain function, leuco- and thrombocytopenia, cardiovascular disease, particular neural tube defects, and malignancies, higher risk of potentially developing allergic diseases, long-term risk of lower bone density, etc. [8-10]. The physicochemical properties of folic acid are very important to the nutraceutical and pharmaceutical formulations. The solubility profile of folic acid is very poor. It is almost insoluble in nature (1.6mg/L in water). Aqueous solutions of it are heat sensitive and decompose rapidly in the presence of light and /or riboflavin [11].

Improvement in the physicochemical properties of the pharmaceutical/ nutraceutical compounds are very much challenging and crucial factors. In this aspect, The Trivedi Effect®- Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment experimentally proved the improvement of bioavailability profile of many pharmaceutical/nutraceutical compounds, i.e., vitamin D3, resveratrol, and berberine in male Sprague Dawley rats [12-14]. The Trivedi Effect® is a natural and only scientifically proven phenomenon in which a person can harness this inherently intelligent energy and transmit it anywhere on the planet through the possible mediation of neutrinos [15]. Every living organism possesses a unique infinite, para-dimensional electromagnetic energy field surrounding the body known as Biofield Energy. The Biofield Energy Healers has the ability to harness the energy from the “Universal Energy Field” and can transmitted into any living or non-living object(s). Further, the object(s) respond to a useful way is known as the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment. There are several Biofield based Energy Healing Therapies that are used nowadays against various disease conditions [16-18]. Biofield Energy Healing therapy has been recognized worldwide as a Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) health care approach by National Center of Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) with other therapies, medicines and practices such as Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese herbs and medicines, aromatherapy, yoga, Qi Gong, Tai Chi, chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation, meditation, homeopathy, acupressure, acupuncture, healing touch, hypnotherapy, movement therapy, naturopathy, Reiki, cranial sacral therapy, etc. [19]. These therapies have been recognised by most of the U.S.A. population with several advantages [20]. The Trivedi Effect®- Energy of Consciousness Healing Treatment has the significant impact on the transformation, the characteristic properties of metals and ceramics [21,22], organic compounds [23,24], microorganisms [25,26], to improve the overall productivity of crops [27,28], and altered the isotopic abundance ratio [29,30].

To study the natural stable isotope ratio analysis has many applications in the different field of sciences to understand the isotope effects resulting from the alterations of the isotopic composition [31-33]. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC-MS), are widely used for the analysis of isotope ratio with sufficient precision [32]. The Trivedi Effect®-Biofield Energy Healing Treatment could be an economical approach for designing better pharmaceutical/nutraceutical formulations. Therefore, a LC-MS based structural characterization and the isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 17O/16O) in The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treated folic acid was performed in comparing its effect on a control sample.

Materials and Methods

Chemicals and reagents

Folic acid dihydrate (> 97%) was purchased from Alfa Aesar, India. All other chemicals used during the experiments were of analytical grade available in India.

Consciousness energy healing treatment strategies

The folic acid dihydrate powder sample was the test sample divided into two parts. One part of folic acid powder sample was considered as a control sample (no Biofield Energy Treatment was provided). However, the other part of folic acid was exposed to The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely under standard laboratory conditions for 3 minutes and known as The Trivedi Effect® Treated (Biofield Energy Treated) folic acid. The Biofield Energy Treatment was provided through the healer’s unique energy transmission process by the renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Alice Branton, USA, to the test sample. Further, the control sample was treated with “sham” healer for the comparison purpose. The sham healer did not have any knowledge about the Biofield Energy Treatment. After that, the Biofield Energy Treated and untreated folic acid samples were kept in sealed conditions and characterized using LC-MS analytical techniques.

Characterization

Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis and calculation of isotopic abundance Ratio: The LC-MS analysis of the control and Biofield Energy Treated folic acid was carried out with the help of LC-MS Thermo Fisher Scientific, USA equipped with an ion trap detector connected with a triple-stage quadrupole mass spectrometer. The column used here was a reversed phase Thermo Scientific Synchronis C18 (Length-250mm X ID 4.6mm X 5micron), maintained at 25˚C. The diluent used for the sample preparation was methanol and water (1:1). The folic acid solution injection volume was 10µL and the analyte was eluted using acetonitrile +10mM ammonium acetate (85:15), pumped at a constant flow rate of 1 mL/min. Chromatographic separation was achieved using gradient condition and the total run time was 10 min. Peaks were monitored at 220nm using the PDA detector. Mass spectrometric analysis was performed under ESI +ve ion mode. The total ion chromatogram, peak area % and mass spectrum of the individual peak which appeared in LC along with the full scan (m/z 50-700) were recorded. The total ion chromatogram and mass spectrum of the individual peak (appeared in LC-MS) were recorded.

The natural abundance of each isotope (H, C, N, and O) can be predicted from the comparison of the height of the isotope peak with respect to the base peak. The values of the natural isotopic abundance of the common elements are obtained from the literature [33-36]. The LC-MS based isotopic abundance ratio (PM+1/PM) for the control and Biofield Energy Treated folic acid was calculated.

Percentage (%) change in isotopic abundance ratio = [(IARTreated – IARControl)/ IARControl) x 100],

Where IARTreated = isotopic abundance ratio in the treated sample and IARControl = isotopic abundance ratio in the control sample.

Results and Discussion

Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)

The LC-MS of the control and Biofield Energy Treated folic acid were carried out. The chromatograms of the control and Biofield Energy Treated folic acid showed the single major peak at retention time (Rt) of 1.83 minutes in both the case (Figure 1). This result indicated that the polarity of both the samples was very close to each other.

Figure 1: Liquid chromatograms of the control and Biofield Energy Treated folic acid.


Figure 2: Mass spectra of the control and Biofield Energy Treated folic acid at Rt 1.83 minutes.


The mass spectra of both the samples of folic acid are shown in Figure 2. The mass spectra of the control and Biofield Energy Treated samples at Rt of 1.83 minutes exhibited the presence of the molecular ion of folic acid (C19H20N7O6+) adduct with hydrogen ion (Figure 2) at m/z 441.92 (calcd for C19H20N7O6+, 442.15). Along with the molecular mass peak, low molecular fragmented mass peaks at m/z 295.17, 267.17, 250. 25, and 208 for C14H11N6O2+, C12H15N2O5+, C12H12NO5+, and C11H14NO3+ were observed both in the control and Biofield Energy Treated folic acid (Figure 2 & 3). The experimental data were well correlated with the published literature data [37].

Figure 3: Proposed fragmentation pattern of folic acid.


Isotopic abundance ratio analysis

Both the control and Biofield Energy Treated folic acid samples showed the mass of a molecular ion at m/z 441.92 (calcd for C19H20N7O6+, 442.15) with 100% relative abundance in the spectra. The theoretical calculation of isotopic peak PM+1 for the protonated folic acid presented as below:

P (13C) = [(19 x 1.1%) x 100% (the actual size of the M+ peak)] / 100% = 20.9%

P (2H) = [(20 x 0.015%) x 100%] / 100%= 0.3%

P (15N) = [(7 x 0.4%) x 100%] / 100% = 2.8%

P (17O) = [(6 x 0.04%) x 100%] / 100% = 0.24%

PM+1 i.e. 13C, 2H, 15N, and 17O contributions from C19H20N7O6+ to m/z 442.92 = 24.24%

The calculated isotopic abundance of PM+1 value 24.24% was higher to the experimental value (14.34%) (Table 1). From the above calculation, it has been found that 13C and 15N have the major contribution to m/z 442.92.

The LC-MS based isotopic abundance ratio analysis PM and PM+1 for folic acid near m/z 441.92 and 442.92, respectively of the control and Biofield Energy Treated samples, which were obtained from the observed relative peak intensities of [M+] and [(M+1) +] peaks, respectively in the ESI-MS spectra (Table 1). The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 17O/16O) in Consciousness Energy Healing Treated folic acid was significantly increased by 69.8% compared to the control sample (Table 1). Thus, the 13C, 2H, 15N, and 17O contributions from C19H20N7O6+ to m/z 442.75 in the Biofield Energy Treated sample was increased compared to the control sample.

Table 1: LC-MS based isotopic abundance analysis results in Biofield Energy Treated folic acid compared to the control sample.

PM: the relative peak intensity of the parent molecular ion [M+]; PM+1: the relative peak intensity of the isotopic molecular ion [(M+1) +], M: mass of the parent molecule.


Our LC-MS study confirmed the structure of the sample as folic acid. The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 17O/16O) in the Biofield Energy Treated folic acid was significantly increased compared to the control sample. According to modern physics, neutrinos have the properties to change identities which are only possible if the neutrinos possess mass and have the ability to interchange their phase from one phase to another internally. Therefore, the neutrinos have the ability to interact with protons and neutrons in the nucleus, which indicated a close relationship between neutrino and the isotope formation [15,32,33]. The altered isotopic composition in the molecular level of The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treated folic acid might have altered the neutron to proton ratio in the nucleus. It can be hypothesized that the changes in isotopic abundance could be due to changes in nuclei possibly through the interference of neutrino particles via The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment. The Biofield Energy Treated folic acid would be more suitable for the prevention and treatment of various diseases such as embryonic defects, clinical depression, altered memory and brain function, leuco- and thrombocytopenia, megaloblastic anemia, cardiovascular disease, malignancies, neural tube defects, depression, allergic diseases, and lower bone density, etc.

Conclusion

The Trivedi Effect®-Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (Biofield Energy Treatment) showed the significant impact on the isotopic abundance ratio of folic acid (vitamin B9 or folate). The LC-MS spectra of both control and Biofield Energy Treated samples at retention time (Rt) 1.83 minutes exhibited the mass of the molecular ion peak at 441.92 (calcd for C19H20N7O6+, 442.15) along with low molecular fragmented mass peaks at m/z 295.17, 267.17, 250. 25, and 208 for C14H11N6O2+, C12H15N2O5+, C12H12NO5+, and C11H14NO3+ were also observed. The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 17O/16O) in the Biofield Energy Treated folic acid was significantly increased by 69.80% compared with the control sample. Therefore, the 13C, 2H, 15N, and 17O contributions from C19H20N7O6+ to m/z 442.75 in the Biofield Energy Treated sample were significantly increased compared with the control sample. The isotopic abundance ratio of PM+1/PM (2H/1H or 13C/12C or 15N/14N or 17O/16O) in the Biofield Energy Treated folic acid was significantly increased compared to the control sample. It can be assumed that the changes in isotopic abundance and mass peak intensities due to changes in nuclei possibly through the interference of neutrino particles via The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment. The new form of Biofield Energy Treated folic acid would aid in designing novel pharmaceutical formulations that might offer better therapeutic response against glossitis, diarrhea, confusion, depression, anemia, gray hair, mouth sores, poor growth, swollen tongue, congenital deformities, embryonic defects, altered memory and brain function, leuco- and thrombocytopenia, cardiovascular disease, neural tube defects, and malignancies, risk of potentially developing allergic diseases, long-term risk of lower bone density, etc.

Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful to Sophisticated Instrumentation Centre for Applied Research & Testing (SICART) India, Trivedi Science, Trivedi Global, Inc., Trivedi Testimonials, and Trivedi Master Wellness for their assistance and support during this work.

References

  1. Carmel R (2005) Folic Acid. In: modern nutrition in health and disease. In: Shils M, Shike M, Ross A, et al. (Eds.), Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.
  2. Scholl TO, Johnson WG (2000) Folic acid: Influence on the outcome of pregnancy. Am J Clin Nutr 71(5 Suppl): 1295S-1303S.
  3. Guilland JC, Aimone-Gastin I (2013) Vitamin B9. Rev Prat 63(8): 1079, 1081-1084.
  4. Owens JE, Clifford AJ, Bamforth CW (2007) Folate in Beer. J Inst Brew 113(3): 243-248.
  5. Pobocik RS, Richer JJ (2002) Estimated intake and food sources of vitamin A, folate, vitamin C, vitamin E, calcium, iron, and zinc for Guamanian children aged 9 to 12. Pac Health Dialog 9(2): 193-202.
  6. Whittaker P, Tufaro PR, Rader JI (2001) Iron and folate in fortified cereals. J Am Coll Nutr 20(3): 247-254.
  7. Fenech M (2012) Folate (vitamin B9) and vitamin B12 and their function in the maintenance of nuclear and mitochondrial genome integrity. Mutat Res 733(1-2): 21-33.
  8. Greenberg JA, Bell SJ, Guan Y, Yu Y (2011) Folic acid supplementation and pregnancy: More than just neural tube defect prevention. Rev Obstet Gynecol 4(2): 52-59.
  9. Allen LH (2008) Causes of vitamin B12 and folate deficiency. Food Nutr Bull 29(2 Supp): S20-34.
  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folate. Retrieved 03 May 2018.
  11. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/folic_acid#section=Odor. Retrieved 03 May 2018.
  12. Branton A, Jana S (2017) Effect of the biofield energy healing treatment on the pharmacokinetics of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] in rats after a single oral dose of vitamin D3. American Journal of Pharmacology and Phytotherapy 2(1): 11-18.
  13. Branton A, Jana S (2017) The influence of energy of consciousness healing treatment on low bioavailable resveratrol in male Sprague Dawley rats. International Journal of Clinical and Developmental Anatomy 3(3): 9-15.
  14. Branton A, Jana S (2017) The use of novel and unique biofield energy healing treatment for the improvement of poorly bioavailable compound, berberine in male Sprague Dawley rats. American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 5(4): 138-144.
  15. Trivedi MK, Mohan TRR (2016) Biofield energy signals, energy transmission and neutrinos. American Journal of Modern Physics 5(6): 172-176.
  16. Rubik B, Muehsam D, Hammerschlag R, Jain S (2015) Biofield science and healing: History, terminology, and concepts. Global Advances in Health and Medicine 4(Suppl): 8-14.
  17. Warber SL, Cornelio D, Straughn, J, Kile G (2004) Biofield energy healing from the inside. J Altern Complement Med 10(6): 1107-1113.
  18. Movaffaghi Z, Farsi M (2009) Biofield therapies: biophysical basis and biological regulations? Complement Ther Clin Pr 15(1): 35-37.
  19. Koithan M (2009) Introducing complementary and alternative therapies. J Nurse Pract 5(1): 18-20.
  20. Barnes PM, Bloom B, Nahin RL (2008) Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults and children: United States, 2007. Natl Health Stat Report 12: 1-23.
  21. Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O, et al. (2015) The potential impact of biofield treatment on physical, structural and mechanical properties of stainless-steel powder. J Appl Mech Eng 4: 173.
  22. Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Latiyal O (2015) Studies of the atomic and crystalline characteristics of ceramic oxide nano powders after bio field treatment. Ind Eng Manage 4: 161.
  23. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Bairwa K, et al. (2015) Physicochemical and spectroscopic characteristics of biofield treated p-chlorobenzophenone. American Journal of Physical Chemistry 4(6): 48-57.
  24. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Bairwa K, et al. (2015) Physicochemical and spectroscopic characterization of biofield energy treated p-anisidine. Pharm Anal Chem Open Access 1: 102.
  25. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Mondal SC, et al. (2015) Antimicrobial sensitivity, biochemical characteristics and biotyping of Staphylococcus saprophyticus: An impact of biofield energy treatment. J Women’s Health Care 4: 271.
  26. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Shettigar H, et al. (2015) Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, biochemical characteristics and biotyping of Salmonella paratyphi A: An impact of biofield treatment. Clin Microbiol 4: 215.
  27. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Gangwar M, et al. (2015) Evaluation of vegetative growth parameters in biofield treated bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences 4: 688-694.
  28. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Gangwar M, et al. (2015) Morphological and molecular analysis using RAPD in biofield treated sponge and bitter gourd. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 3(6): 264-270.
  29. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Panda P, et al. (2016) Evaluation of the isotopic abundance ratio in biofield energy treated resorcinol using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique. Pharm Anal Acta 7: 481.
  30. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Panda P, et al. (2016) Gas chromatography-mass spectrometric analysis of isotopic abundance of 13C, 2H, and 18O in biofield energy treated p-tertiary butylphenol (PTBP). American Journal of Chemical Engineering 4: 78-86.
  31. Schellekens RC, Stellaard F, Woerdenbag HJ, Frijlink HW, Kosterink JG (2011) Applications of stable isotopes in clinical pharmacology. Br J Clin Pharmacol 72(6): 879-897.
  32. Muccio Z, Jackson GP (2009) Isotope ratio mass spectrometry. Analyst 134(2): 213-222.
  33. Weisel CP, Park S, Pyo H, Mohan K, Witz G (2003) Use of stable isotopically labeled benzene to evaluate environmental exposures. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 13(5): 393-402.
  34. Rosman KJR, Taylor PDP (1998) Isotopic compositions of the elements 1997 (Technical Report). Pure Appl Chem 70: 217-235.
  35. Smith RM (2004) Understanding mass spectra: A Basic Approach. (2nd edn), John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, USA.
  36. Jürgen H (2004) Gross Mass Spectrometry: A Textbook (2nd edn) Springer: Berlin.
  37. Martins-Júnior HA, Wang AY, Alabourda J, Pires MAF, Vega OB, et al. (2008) A validated method to quantify folic acid in wheat flour samples using liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry. J Braz Chem Soc 19: 971-977.

© 2021 Snehasis Jana. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.