Susheel Kumar V Ronad1*, Shrinivas2, Chetan Patali3, Kiran Kumar T C4, Pankaja T C5, Rajendra Badesgol6, Shridha Gondbal7 and Veeresh Nandgaon8
1Departmentof Psychiatric Nursing, DIMHANS, India
2Medical Superintendent, DIMHANS, India
3Principal of Dhanush institute of Nursing Sciences, India
4Departmentof Management Studies, Karnataka Arts College, India
5Assistant Professor, RL Law College, India
6Department of Police, India
7Staff Nurse, Indira Gandhi Children’s Hospital, India
8Department of Psychiatric, Nursing KLE Institute of Nursing Sciences, India
*Corresponding author: Susheel Kumar V Ronad, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, DIMHANS, India
Submission: January 02, 2018;Published: June 25, 2018
Facts of your brain
Signs and symptoms of old age
“There are three signs of old age. The first is the loss of memory, the other two I forget”. Aging is “benign senile forgetfulness.” The signs and symptoms of old age are different from those of Alzheimer’s disease. Old age symptoms, manifested in forgetfulness, are simple lapses in memory: Forgetting the name of a person just met not finding the right word or expression while communicating taking more time to learn a new affair or article. Taking longer time to react or respond.
The above symptoms often worsen due to apses may be a nuisance, but never a problem. The changes in behavior are continual and gradual, due to the decrease of brain function, but never problematic. “Another important criterion is the normal cognitive func tion of the brain and its functions also increased anxiety, giving the concern of Alzheimer’s and dementia.
The signs of dementia are many; however, there is no single behavior that can be identified as characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease. The following dementia symptoms are usually gradual and progressive until they become problematic in the patient: Lack of concentration and focus (absence or gradual disappearance of memory cues in the brain) Inability to recognize and use proper verbal and non-verbal cues (e.g. a smile) Inability to understand sounds (loss of interest in listening to music and becoming a passive listener) Loss of senses (inability to enjoy good food, to appreciate music or to create art) Inability to understand and identify problems Difficulty in differentiating and prioritizing (poor timing, lack of planning, inability to cope with changes) Reduced daily activity and mobility (dead brain cells requiring little or no stimulation) Social withdrawal (little social interaction, lack of personal hygiene) Inappropriate actions (dressing inappropriately)Difficulty in learning new things Tendency to suspect the activities of others taking place in surrounding environment.
During the process of normal or “healthy” aging, there are natural changes that take place if one is free of any disease. Some changes in the ability to think are considered a normal part of the aging process. Dementia, on the other hand, is not a normal outcome of aging.
With old age come problems of loss of cognitive abilities, loss of memory, and impairment of the ability to think coherently. These symptoms are broadly classified as dementia while there is another dreaded ailment known as Alzheimer’s with similar symptoms that has increased alarmingly across the country in the last few decades. While Alzheimer’s is a progressive brain disease, dementia is not called a disease. Their symptoms are also similar, bringing much confusion among the patients who suffer from either of the two. It is extremely necessary to know the real differences between Alzheimer’s and Dementia for a proper diagnosis and possible treatment.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD)
Old age is commonly associated with loss of cognitive abilities, and when these symptoms worsen interfering with day to day activities, people are often diagnosed with dementia. It is a cluster of symptoms and not a disease while Alzheimer’s is a progressive brain disease. Alzheimer’s is caused by deposit of plaque and tangles around brain cells and is the most common cause of onset of dementia.
© 2018 Susheel Kumar V Ronad. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.