Water and Environment Interaction Specialist, India
*Corresponding author:RC Yadav, Water and Environment Interaction Specialist, Former Head of Research Centre, Ghaziabad, India
Submission: July 29, 2019; Published: August 22, 2019
ISSN: 2578-0336Volume1 Issue3
Agrarian countries produce tremendous volume of agricultural dry tissues which are also called crop residues. In the Indo Genetic belt of India food crops viz paddy and wheat which produce large volume of agricultural tissues. A fraction of the tissues, which is also called residues is used as cattle feed and some fractions for allied uses. These residues find no other use and their disposal becomes a problem. The surplus volume of resides get rotten under rain and waterlogged condition or get burnt in field, site of piling or dumped in field and burnt. Under both the situations of disposals viz burning it creates hell of smoke and under waterlogged condition it produce hydrogen sulphide, which causes bad odor in the surrounding and become killer gas in caves, water tanks or in sewer lines.
While lot of engineering research and developments of product and processes development might have come but the agricultural residues disposals have received less care that cause environmental pollution and health hazards than it should have in due perspective. It needs some scientific solutions to circumvent problems of air pollution and health hazard and produce wealth from the wastes. Studies on these aspects revealed that aerobic decomposition produces organic manure that can eliminate external addition of sulphur and zink. Thus, large requirement of country’s zink and sulphur can get met with the natural processes, and environment problem and health hazards get eliminated. In addition, aerobically composted tissues eliminate burning of biomass that avoids air pollution and health hazards. The study taking stakes of scientific principles devised practice for elimination of vagaries that develop due to burning of tissues. New products of biochar are easy to make from paddy and wheat tissues which has multiple uses and enables creating industrial venture from waste products. The tissue engineering is poised to make further advancement in agriculture and many other sectors.
Keywords: Aerobic and anaerobic reaction; Air pollution; Agricultural crop tissues; Cattle fodder; Residue burning; Smoke