Nida Tabassum Khan*
Department of Biotechnology, Pakistan
*Corresponding author:Nida Tabassum Khan, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Life Sciences and Informatics, Quetta, Pakistan
Submission:December 19, 2018;Published: February 13, 2019
ISSN 2578-0263Volume2 Issue4
Mustard seeds commonly called as Rai, Sarso etc is scientifically known by the name of Brassica Juncea. Different varieties of mustard seeds have been cultivated in countries like Asia, India, United States, Eastern Meditarrian, Hungary, Britain, Europe, Greece, Rome, Canada and in the Middle East. Besides being used in culinary it was once considered as an important natural remedy for gastric discomforts. With the passage of time numerous health benefits of mustard seeds have been explored which will be valuable for the development of novel drugs.
Keywords: Oxalates; Goitrogens; Respiratory congestion; Selenium; Omega fatty acids
Mustard seeds commonly called as Rai, Sarso, Shorshe, Kadugu in different languages is scientifically known by the name of Brassica juncea of the family Brassicaceae . Different varieties of mustard seeds such as Brassica alba (White), Brassica juncea (brown) and Brassica nigra (black), seeds are extensively cultivated in countries like Asia, India, United States, Eastern Meditarrian, Hungary, Britain, Europe, Greece, Rome, Canada and in the Middle East where it is used in cooking for its sharp aroma and in traditional medicine [2,3]. Mustard seeds were once considered as an important natural remedy for relieving stomach distress such as flatulence or cramps [4-24]. With recent studies multitude of its medicinal potential was explored which is briefly outlined in the table below (Table 1).
Mustard seeds either whole or grounded form can easily be stored in a dry airtight jar for approximately six to eight months .
Over consumption of mustard seeds might result in the following side effects:
A. Development of allergic reactions such as hypersensitivity .
B. Skin irritation 
C. Raw mustard seeds contain goitrogens, a compound which interferes with the normal functioning of thyroid gland 
D. Presence of oxalates in mustard seeds interfere with the normal absorption of calcium in the body. Therefore, could be problematic for kidney stones patients .
Thus, mustard seeds possess numerous therapeutic agents that could be used for the treatment of number of health-related problems.
© 2018 Nida Tabassum Khan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.