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Investigations in Gynecology Research & Womens Health

Postmenopausal Women and Osteoporosis

Submission: October 01, 2020Published: November 05, 2020

DOI: 10.31031/IGRWH.2020.03.000571

ISSN: 2577-2015
Volume3 Issue5


Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a silent disease with not much of symptoms until fractures occur. It is characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and changes in bone microarchitecture that reduces bone strength and there is increase in risk of fractures [1]. After menopause, estrogen deficiency is the major contributing factor. Because of this there is an increase in RANK-ligand (RANKL) and a decrease in osteoprotegerin (OPG) secretion from osteoblasts. This imbalance induces fast bone loss, and thus there is increase in risk of fractures. WHO has identified osteoporosis as a major public health concern [2]. Osteoporosis is widely recognized as an important public health problem because of the significant morbidity, mortality and costs associated with its complications-namely fractures of the hip, spine, forearm and other skeletal sites [3]. The incidence of fragility fractures is highest among elderly white women, with one in every two women suffering an osteoporosis related fracture in their lifetime [4]. Each year in the UK an estimated 260 000 osteoporotic fractures occur among women aged 50 years and over, including over 70000 cases of hip fracture [5,6]. For the Indian population, the exact figures on the prevalence of osteoporosis are not available, but the estimation is that more than 61 million Indians have osteoporosis with women accounting for 61% of them [7,8].

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