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Integrative Journal of Conference Proceedings

Exploring Gender Differences in Academic Motivation among Adolescents

Submission: October 12, 2019;Published: November 22, 2019


The purpose of present study was to find the relationship between dimensions of Academic Motivation including Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation and A-motivation among adolescents as well as investigated the gender differences present among adolescents related to Academic Motivation. Convenient sampling was used for the selection of the research sample. The sample of this study consisted of (N=160) college students. The age of participants ranged from 16-20 years. Informed consent was taken from the participants before filling the questionnaires. The research protocols were administered to the participants along with verbal instructions. They included demographic sheet and Academic Motivation Scale (college version). The data from this method was tabulated to conclude the results of the research using SPSS software. Reliability analysis, Correlation, t test and manova were used to test hypotheses of the study. Data was statistically analyzed by statistical package for social sciences (SPSS23 V). The results show that Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Motivation are positively correlated with each other whereas A-motivation is negatively correlated with Intrinsic Motivation as well as with Extrinsic Motivation. Results further indicated that male adolescents have significantly low rates of Intrinsic Motivation as compared to female adolescents. Similarly, male adolescents are lower in Extrinsic Motivation as compared to female adolescents. Whereas male adolescents rate higher in A-motivation as compared to female adolescents. The results concluded that interaction among gender and education of the sample was significant on intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. When Gender and level of education are interacted, they significantly influence the rates of intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation.

Keywords: Gender differences; Academic motivation; Adolescents

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