Nursing Professor, Tacoma Community College, USA
*Corresponding author: Teresa Marshall, Nursing Professor, Tacoma Community College, Washington, USA
Submission: July 02, 2018 ;Published: September 11, 2018
September 11, 2018Volume1 Issue1
Statement of the problem: Our nation has been trying to solve the “health care crisis” for decades. Part of this drive is to address the ever rising cost of American “health care”. An examination of our “health care” reveals it is actually illness care. Even with the current “preventative care” mandate of the Affordable Health Care Act it is not preventative care. Essentially the preventative care clause only provides for screenings to find signs of potential problems. The current system does very little for prevention. The screening is a step in the right direction to prevent complications, but really is not preventing the disease. Another system must be employed to truly provide preventative care and curb the rising cost of health care in America.
Purpose of study: To explore the diseases that can be prevented with lifestyle changes, and find methods to assist patients in self-care to prevent disease. It will explore real “health care” that can result in decreased “health care” costs and a healthier nation.
Methodology: A search using CINAHL, alt Health Watch, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition databases using keywords obesity, preventable disease, motivating the unmotivated, and health care costs. A literature review of these articles then conducted.
Findings: Most diseases, including cancer, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, strokes, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and breathing problems, mental illness, fatty liver, kidney disease, and obesity are largely preventable with simple lifestyle changes. The interventions that prevent these diseases are well known, but not employed in our current “health care” system.
Conclusion: Our current “illness care system” needs to be replaced by a true “health care” system to prevent disease instead of treat disease. Nurses need have the training and knowledge to effect that change and improve the health care of our nation.