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Forensic Science & Addiction Research

Effect of Strength Training on Physical Variable of College Men Cricket Players

Mohammad Amin Wani1*, Zahoor Ahmad Bhat2, Khursheed Ahmad Naikoo2 and K Sreedhar2

1Department of Psychology, Annamalai University, India

2Department of Physical Education, Annamalai University, India

*Corresponding author: Mohammad Amin Wani, Department of Psychology, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India

Submission: September 8, 2017; Published: October 03, 2017

DOI: 10.31031/FSAR.2017.01.000510

ISSN: 2578-0042
Volume1 Issue2

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to find out the effect of strength training on physical variable of college men cricket players. To achieve the purpose twenty male students (n=20) were randomly selected as subjects and the age were ranged between 18 and 24 years. The selected subjects were randomly assigned into two equal groups such as training group (TG) and control group (CG) for the strengths of fifteen (n=10) each. Experimental training group underwent respective strength training program me for twelve weeks for three days per week and a session on each day. The control group did not involve in any special training apart from their regular activities. The criterion variable arm strength was measured by pull-ups. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to analyse the collected data. The results revealed that that the strength training was made significant improvement (p≤0.05) in arm strength of the selected subjects. The level of confidence was fixed at 0.05 in all cases.

Keywords: Strength training; Arm strength; Cricket players

Introduction

Strength training is the ability of the muscles to repeat identical movement or pressures as to maintain a certain degree of tension over a period of time [1]. Strength training as the capacity of the whole organism is to withstand fatigue under the long lasting exhaustion of strength. Consequently it is characterized by a relatively high ability to express strength together with a faculty of preserve [2].

Strength training exercises is not usually thought as on end in itself, but as means to an end. Strength training may be isometric, iso-kinetic contraction. Strength training is the ability of the muscle to produce a maximum amount of force. It is measured by the ability to perform one repetition of an exercise at maximum resistance. An example of maximum strength would be greatest amount of weight one can lift in the bench press exercise. Strength training has major significance in many sports and sport skills. It is a significant factor in one’s ability to put the shot, throw the javelin, create a high velocity tennis serve, throw a fast ball, and many other sport skills.

Arm strength is defined as the maximum velocity of any throw made by a fielder. Everyone knows that the triceps are the largest of the arm muscles. The triceps make up around 50-55% of the total size of the three upper arm muscles, with the reminder dividing up across the biceps and the bronchioles [3]. Arm strength can increased by continuously doing push-ups and pull-ups. Weight training is doing exercise, using resistance (normally weights) to build muscle strength and endurance. In weight training one can use weights like dumbbells, Bar Bells, Pulley Machines or simply one’s own body weight as resistance.

Materials and Methods

The purpose of the present study was to find out the effect of strength training on physical variable of college men cricket players. To achieve the purpose twenty male students (n=20) were randomly selected as subjects from the Department of Physical Education at Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu. The age was ranged between 18 and 24 years. The selected subjects were randomly assigned into two equal groups such as training group (TG) and control group (CG) for the strengths of fifteen (n=10) each. Experimental training group underwent respective strength training program me for twelve weeks for three days per week and a session on each day. The control group did not involve in any special training apart from their regular activities. The criterion variable arm strength was measured by pull-ups. All the subjects were present for more than 90% of the total training session. The strength training is increased by doing chest, shoulders, triceps, biceps, and abs. The collected data were statistically examined by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The confidence level was fixed at 0.05 levels, which is appropriate to the present study.

Data Analysis

Mean and Standard deviation were calculated for arm strength of each training group. And the data were analyzed by using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Statistical significance was fixed at 0.05 levels.

Results and Discussions

Analysis of covariance on arm strength between the training group and the control group (Table 1)

Table 1: Analysis of covariance on arm strength between the training group and the control group.

(The table value required for significance at 0.05 level of confidence with df 1 & 18 and 1 & 17 are 4.41 and 4.45 respectively).

*Significant at 0.05 level of confidence

The analysis of covariance on arm strength among experimental and control group were described in table no I. The mean value of arm strength of training and control groups were 4.90 and 5.30. The obtained ‘F’ value of 1.10 was lesser than the table value of 4.41, there was insignificant among the groups in pre test result of arm strength. The post test means of the groups were 8.30 and 6.0 respectively, and the obtained ‘F’ value of 47.13 was greater than the table value, and there was a significant difference in arm strength between the training and control groups in arm strength among the male college cricket players. The obtained adjusted post test F value also greater the table value of 4.45 for df 1 and 17 required for significant at 0.05 level. The pre, post and the adjusted post test mean values of the experimental and control groups on arm strength were graphically represented in Figure 1.

Figure 1: The pre, post and adjusted post test mean values of experimental group and the control group on arm strength.


Discussion

The result of the present study pointed out that there was a significant difference in arm strength due to strength training. The current study also utilized 12 weeks programme duration with three sessions and found that arm strength increases due to strength training. Jensen & Fisher [4] pointed out that that the strength training improves arm strength of the cricket players. Young [5] conducted the study that strength training increases the muscle power of the athletes. From the results of the present study and literature, it is concluded that criterion variable arm strength was significantly improved due to strength training.

Conclusion

The result of the study revealed that the training group has significant improvement in arm strength among college male cricket players after the strength training protocol. It was also concluded that the strength training is one of the best training methods for improving the arm strength as well as the physical fitness of young men.

References

  1. Johnson Barry L, Nelson Jack K (1982) Practical Measurement of Evaluation in Physical Education, (3rd edn), subject publications, Delhi, India. pp. 40-42.
  2. Marget J Safnit (1988) Introduction to Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, Times Mirror Mosby College Publishing, St. Louis, USA. p. 245.
  3. McCall GE, Byrnes WC, Dickinson A, Pattany PM, Fleck SJ (1996) Muscle fiber hypertrophy, hyperplasia, and capillary density in college men after resistance training. J Appl Physiol 81(5): 2004-2012
  4. Clayne R Jensen, A Garth Fisher (1979) Scientific Basis of Athletic Conditioning, Henry Kimpton Publishers, London, p. 78.
  5. Young W (1991) The Planning of Resistance training for Power Sports. Natl Strength Cond Assoc J 13(4): 26-29.

© 2017 Mohammad Amin Wani, et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.

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