Thanks to technical and sanitary advances in recent decades, there has been a considerable
improvement in the quality of life which leads to a quantitative increase in life expectancy.
Around the second half of the twentieth century, a demographic transition due to social, health
and economic improvements began to be generated in Western countries. This transition has
changed the structure of our society (Coyle ). This aging process also affects people with
intellectual disabilities and the group of people with CP (Coppus ). Its repercussions are
very important since they require multiple supports and services to respond to the needs
derived from this process (Moro  & Schepens ).
Aging is a natural process that occurs with very varied changes and, in the group of people
with disabilities, this process is the result of a temporary advance, largely due to secondary
problems caused by disability (Alcedo  & Martin ). Thanks to medical advances, more
people living in developed countries are surviving adolescence and adulthood with CP (Frisch
). These people grow old and understanding the symptoms and complications underlying
their disability and how they influence their life expectancy is crucial (Coppus ).
A systematic review is carried out to analyze publications that address aging in people
with CP (Solís ). It is noted that adults with CP require access to health services to meet
their changing needs at this vital stage (Morgan ). This population experiences multiple
and functional changes as they get older (Dark ), these changes influence perceived health
and a decrease in functional level (Benner ). Extremely sedentary behaviors frequently
occur in this population that lead to an accelerated progression characteristic of muscular
pathology (Peterson ), which in turn leads to a decline in functional capacity (Taylor ).
As they age, they lose many of the achievements they acquired in rehabilitation (Moll ).
It is necessary to delve into the study of this topic, especially in psychosocial areas that
allow us to provide data and action strategies to people in their aging process, family and
professionals, comprehensively improving care and being able to perform preventive actions
(Solís ). Since a greater understanding of the conditions surrounding the aging process of
people with PC will affect improving their quality of life.
Schepens HR, Puyenbroeck J, Maes B (2017) What indicates and determines quality of life for elderly people with intellectual disabilities? Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities 10: 46-46.
Professor, Chief Doctor, Director of Department of Pediatric Surgery, Associate Director of Department of Surgery, Doctoral Supervisor Tongji hospital, Tongji medical college, Huazhong University of Science and Technology