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Examines in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

The Global Public Health Crisis of Obesity: A Narrative Review

  • Open or CloseOnur Oral1* Zeinab Rezaee2 and Pınar Tatlibal3

    1Ege University, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Turkey

    2Department of Exercise Physiology, Ferdowsi University Of Mashhad, Iran

    3Dokuz Eylul University, Necat Hepkon Faculty of Sports Sciences, Turkey

    *Corresponding author: Onur Oral, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Department of Health Sciences and Sports, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey

Submission: December 01, 2021; Published: May 11, 2022

DOI: 10.31031/EPMR.2022.03.000567

ISSN: 2637-7934
Volume 3 Issue 4


Background: The study aims to investigate and evaluate the factors and treatment options of global health problem of obesity which poses a serious risk for a healthy life
Materials and Methods: In the search for scientific literature related to this review the US National Library of Medicine (PubMed) used Medline and Sport Discus data and the terms “obesity genetics”, “obesity”, “physical activity” and ‘’ exercise ‘’ were used. The relevant literature has also taken its source from the research of relevant articles from reference lists derived from data studies.
Results: Obesity is a genetic and environmental interaction disease that can cause serious and chronic problems for a healthy life. Due to the excessive amount of adipose tissue in the body, its development is a metabolic health problem that causes many health problems and requires medical treatment.
Conclusion: In the light of all these facts, it can be observed that the most important risk factors of obesity, genetic predisposition, decrease in physical activity, nutritional habits, age, gender, education level stand out. Adult and child obesity is spreading rapidly all over the world, but especially in developing countries.

Keywords: Obesity; Physical activity and exercise; Weight control; Obesity geneti

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