Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing Science, National Open University of Nigeria, Nigeria
*Corresponding author: Joseph Shehu EM, Department of Nursing Science, National Open University of Nigeria, Nigeria
Submission: June 06, 2018; Published: December 11, 2018
ISSN: 2637-7934Volume2 Issue2
Regular eating of breakfast contributes to the nutritional health of an individual. Some people skipped breakfast because of the desire to lose weight. An individual that consumed breakfast regularly is more likely to exhibit high level of physical activity and cardio-respiratory fitness. This short review aims to examine health implication of skipping breakfast with emphasis on weight gain in adults. Skipping breakfast is a wrong step in weight loss management as several available literature links irregular consumptions of breakfast to weight gain. Skipping breakfast over an extended period has a negative effect on cardiometabolic risk profile. It increases the risk of developing metabolic syndrome that increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus development. Consumption of breakfast regularly has been found to be an alternative means of weight management. Future research is needed to examine eating and time of breakfast as well as types of breakfast adults’ in developing countries consumed in relation to their body mass index.
Keywords: Skipping breakfast; Overweight; Obesity; Cardiovascular diseases; Type 2 diabetes; Metabolic syndrome