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Abstract

Evolutions in Mechanical Engineering

The Major Role of Fluid Mechanics in Respiratory Drop Dispersion

  • Open or CloseTaeibi Rahni M*

    Sharif University of Technology, Iran

    *Corresponding author:Taeibi Rahni M, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, 11365-8639, Iran

Submission: August 16, 2021; Published: September 28, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/EME.2020.03.000570

ISSN: 2640-9690
Volume3 Issu4

Abstract

The covid-19 pandemic has caused unpredictable damages to economy, trade, tourism, aviation, etc. In addition, lockdowns have led to social isolation, depression, loss of income, mental health problems, etc. On the other hand, this pandemic is more deadly than the previous ones, such as SARS and MERS. Unfortunately, according to the latest report of the World Health Organization (WHO), as of 14 August 2021, there have been more than 206 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 patients, including up to 4.3 million deaths globally. Although medical researchers have developed and mass-produced some useful therapies, like drugs and vaccines for control of its spread, engineers have presented some methods, as non-pharmacological solutions, to reduce disease transmission. In this context, some engineers have taken part in assessing the dispersion of respiratory drops. Due to still unknown and non-deterministic medical approaches, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has been extensively used to study the formation and dispersion of respiratory drops, which leads to infectious disease transmission.

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