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Examines in Marine Biology & Oceanography

Are Ciliate Really Reproduce Sexually?
  • Open or CloseUsman Asghar1,2* and Irum Mukhtar2,3

    1Institute of Evolution and Marine Biodiversity, China

    2Key Laboratory of Mariculture (OUC), China

    3Institute of Oceanography, China

    *Corresponding author:Usman Asghar, Institute of Evolution and Marine Biodiversity, Key Laboratory of Mariculture (OUC), Ministry of Education, Qingdao 266003, China

Submission: August 16, 2021; Published: September 21, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/EIMBO.2021.04.000584

ISSN : 2578-031X
Volume4 Issue2


Ciliates are very ancient and diverse clade of eukaryotes [1] it evolved around 2 billion years ago [2]. Some members of this group are very spectacular model organisms to study the genetics and molecular and developmental biology [3]. Ciliates reproduce both sexually as well as asexually [4]. During favorable conditions when plenty of food is available and ecological conditions are perfect, ciliates reproduce asexually by binary fission but during unfavorable condition when food resources are depleted and ecological conditions are unfavorable, they reproduce sexually through conjugation [5]. But there is a confusion existed between research communities and they have difference of opinion on the nature of conjugation process, either we call it sexual reproduction or not.

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