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Examines in Marine Biology & Oceanography

Solicitation of Patient Consent for Bilateral Orchiectomy in Male Canids: Time to Rethink the Obligatory Paradigm

Submission: May 25, 2018; Published: June 01, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/EIMBO.2018.02.000528

ISSN: 2578-031X
Volume2 Issue1


Male canid subjects residing in a human domestic environment are routinely subject to bilateral orchiectomy, [1-6] effected primarily in order to preclude reproduction and to suppress undesirable behavioral traits, including agonism and inappropriate urine dissemination [7]. This practice has remained constant and routine for decades (if not centuries), and is widely conducted globally despite evidence of deleterious secondary effects; these include (among others) increased prevalence of injury to the anterior cruciate ligament [6], higher risk of prostatic carcinoma [8], and a miscellaneous suite of behavioral mal adaptations [3,4]. In addition, post-traumatic stress, often combined with diminished self-esteem, may be manifest in the subject as an acute or chronic complication of the operation, with an effective duration of weeks to years (Wünderlandt and Borzoi, unpublished data). Furthermore and most importantly within the context of this note the procedure is almost invariably performed without the patient’s informed consent.

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