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Environmental Analysis & Ecology Studies

Antiseptic and Anti-inflammatory Abilities Picea abies. Short Communications

Monica Butnariu*, Ioan Sarac, Sebastian Ioan Icobescu and Vlad Daniel Jelmărean

Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Romania.

*Corresponding author: Monica Butnariu, Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Romania.

Submission: January 21, 2019;Published: December 04, 2019

DOI: 10.31031/EAES.2019.06.000641

ISSN 2578-0336
Volume6 Issue4


The components of P.abies were asked as natural treatments many years ago. Thus, P.abies has enjoyed great appreciation, its therapeutic qualities being used today as natural remedies for treating various diseases. Fresh cones and buds by P.abies they were the perfect remedy against cough (syrup is prepared from them). Liver affections were healed with the infusion prepared from the tips of the young branches of P.abies. Ointments based on P.abies resin were the right treatment for cure healing, cuts and other external skin conditions. P.abies is also known for its anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiseptic and toning properties.

Keywords: abies; Antiseptic ability; Anti-inflammatory ability


The P.abies is a species of conifers trees [1]. The young cones of P.abies but the leaves can also be used to make syrup against cough but also other diseases of the airway [2]. Most volatile oil components of P.abies are part of the category of mono terpenic hydrocarbons and esters of their carbonic acids. The resin of P.abies is composed of lignans and other substances with a strong antioxidant effect. P.abies [3]. Phyto therapists recommend the syrup of P.abies buds in the treatment of rheumatic pain, headaches and migraines. Moreover, the syrup prepared from the buds of P.abies proved to be beneficial for people with low immunity [4].

Chemical Composition and Pharmacological Activity

The medicinal properties of P.abies are caused by chemicals included in its composition are: essential oils; tannin, resines, erebentin, acetic acid, carotenoids, amino acids, bitter substances, resin, waxes, phytonocides, gums, mineral substances, vitamins C, B1, E, B3, B2, PP, K [3]. In different parts of P.abies contain a different number of useful components. Their composition may vary depending on the period of the year. The main and best-known feature of P.abies is the bactericidal action. P.abies contains terpene class substances, commonly known as the essential oils that volatile production of a broad spectrum of action. These biologically active components are very volatile, so they are released constantly into the environment [4,5]. As the temperature increases, the amount of essential oils allocated increases. On warm days, there is a strong smell of pine close to P.abies. Fir Volatile destroys pathogenic bacteria, rotting microscopic fungi, as well as some types of animal protozoa (unicellular) [6]. The volatile oil of the leaves (needles) by P.abies improves immunity, inhibits the growth of harmful bacteria, and stimulates the growth of beneficial microorganisms for humans. In addition, P.abies stimulates the immune system of plants growing in the area of these trees [7,8]. In human patients, they can cause asthma or migraines. The use of infusions and drink by P.abies for contra-indicated gastric diseases and excessive doses are dangerous for the kidneys. Certain natural compounds in the composition of essential oils may be at risk for allergic reactions, especially for people with sensitive skin [9].


Through the action of the substances in his composition, P.abies successfully combats diarrhea and facilitates digestion. It also combats bacterial infections, is antiseptic, tonic and anti-inflammatory. Not accidentally, near the coniferous forests were arranged sanatoriums for the patients with respiratory diseases or neuroses. The air in these areas is loaded with negative ions, terpenic essences and other volatile principles, with antiseptic and breath-stimulating action. Walking through coniferous forests have calming effects on the psyche.


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