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Environmental Analysis & Ecology Studies

Renewable Energy and Green Technology Adoption: A Viable Option for Efficient Energy Supply in Nigeria

Submission: July 27, 2021; Published: July 27, 2022

DOI: 10.31031/EAES.2022.10.000728

ISSN: 2578-0336
Volume 10 Issue 1


Due to the historical bank of criticisms trailing electricity generation from fossil fuel in Nigeria over the years, and the need to diversify the energy mix through harnessing of abundant renewable energy resources in the country. This paper reviews the current development on renewable energy and green technology adoption in Nigeria. Systematic review through hybrid approach was adopted. Out of the three renewable energy sources (wind, solar, hydro) that studies have shown as having great potential in the country, only two (hydro and solar) have been developed and commercialized for public use. Among the 36 states in Nigeria, Lagos, Delta and Sokoto are leading in green technology adoption and renewable energy development, based on reported number of projects sited in them. The development and implementation of many renewable energy projects in Nigeria, are most times not in tandem with the provisions of National Energy Policy, which has led to sub-optimal performance.

Keywords: Renewable energy; Green technology; Nigeria

Abbreviations: MDGs: Millennium Development Goals; NERC: National Electricity Regulatory Commission; GHG: Greenhouse Gas Emissions; UNDESA: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development Agenda; FMWR: Federal Ministry of Water Resources; NDWC: Niger Delta Wetlands Centre; QCA: Qualitative Comparative Analysis

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