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Environmental Analysis & Ecology Studies

Koel-Karo Movement in Jharkhand, India

  • Open or CloseDebasree De*

    1Assistant Professor, Maharaja Sris Chandra College, India

    *Corresponding author: Debasree De, Assistant Professor, Maharaja Sris Chandra College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Submission: August 23, 2021 Published: September 17, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/EAES.2021.09.000702

ISSN: 2578-0336
Volume 9 Issue 1


The proposed Koel-Karo project was first proposed in 1957 under the second Five Year Plan. The final project report was completed in 1973, and initially the total cost was estimated to be Rs 137 crore. According to the project report, two dams were to be constructed - at Basia on the South Koel River and at Lohajimi on the North Karo River. The two dams were to be connected by a 34.7km canal. To facilitate power generation, permission was given for the construction of four large power houses and two smaller ones, capable of generating 710MW daily. The project, covering Ranchi, Gumla and Singhbhum districts, was to utilise water from South Koel and North Karo rivers. The Tapkara outpost is under the Torpa ‘thana’ in Ranchi district. Most villages under the Torpa thana (including the Tapkara OP) come under the Koel-Karo Hydro-Electric Power Project. The project plans to build two dams in Basia (Gumla district) and Lohajimi village (under Tapkara OP, Ranchi district). Officially the project threatens to completely submerge or partially affect 115 villages displacing 7,063 families in Ranchi, Gumla and West Singbhhum districts (EPW, 2001).

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