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Environmental Analysis & Ecology Studies

The Effect of Hydroponic Mediums on Volatile Constituents and Secondary Metabolites of German Chamomile in Hydroponics System

Submission: December 13, 2020 Published: June 01, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/EAES.2021.08.000691

ISSN: 2578-0336
Volume 8 Issue 4


“Matricaria Chamomilla L” has noticeable medicinal value among several species of chamomile. The volatile oil of chamomile flowers contains chemical Constituents such as Sesquiterpen and polyethylene which are obtained either by solvent extraction or steam distillation. Among all constituents of volatile oil, three constituents of chamomile are thought to be the most important compounds because they have anti-inflammatory properties these constituents include alpha-Bisabolol, chamazulen and Pharnesene. Volatile oils containing high amounts of chamazulene and α-biasabolol are called “Well-qualified volatile oils”. Cultivating in hydroponic culture is used as the best vegetable production technology not only for societies in order to prepare healthy products, but also for societies being faced with shortage of land, labor, and resources. In this study we have examined the effects of four different types of hydroponic Medium on quantity and quality of active ingredients of the plants. They are as follows: sand+perlite, cocopeat+sand+perlite, cocopeat+perlite, cocopeat. Also, we have examined volatile chemical compounds of chamomile flowers by using UA-HS-SPME-GC/MC method. We had used PDMS fiber to extract the compounds in HS-SPME method. Optimal conditions developed by Professor Ghyasvand and colleagues was used to analysis the samples and consequently as the results represent, type of culture has a main role in quantity and quality of active ingredients of chamomile.

Keywords: Chamomile; Active ingredients; Hydroponics Mediums

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