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Environmental Analysis & Ecology Studies

Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation Assessment: Review Paper

  • Open or Close Menberu Teshome*

    Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Debre Tabor University, Ethiopia

    *Corresponding author: Menberu Teshome, Faculty of Social Sciences and the Humanities, Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Debre Tabor University, Ethiopia, Po Box 272

Submission: December 08, 2017 Published: May 11, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/EAES.2018.02.000541

ISSN 2578-0336
Volume2 Issue4


Conceptual explanation of adaptation by various scientific communities is inconsistent, causing misunderstanding in the climate change adaptation research that needs multidisciplinary approaches. This article presented the theoretical and methodological approaches of adaptation assessment. The needs for adaptation, proactive, reactive, spontaneous, planned, private and public adaptations have been identified. In addition, the broad categories of adaptation such as bear losses, share losses, modify the threat, prevent effects, change use, change location, research, and educate, inform and encourage behavioral changes have been also indicated. The General and Partial Equilibrium models are the two climate change adaptation assessment methods, the first of which deals with the whole parts of the economy whereas the second deal with a part of the economy comprising of the agro-economiceconomic, cross-sectional, and the discrete choice models. Finally, it was found that the integrated adaptation assessment approach with the application of predictor variables is crucial method. Discrete choice models such as logit and probit models are essential for the study of perception and adaptation.

Keywords: Vulnerability; Climate change; Adaptation; Farming community

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