Environmental Analysis & Ecology Studies

Novel and Eco-Friendly Washing Agents to Remove Heavy Metals from Soil by Soil Washing

  • Zygmunt Mariusz Gusiatin*

    Department of Environmental Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland

    *Corresponding author: Zygmunt Mariusz Gusiatin, Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Słoneczna Str 45G, 10-719, Poland

Submission: March 29, 2018; Published: April 20, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/EAES.2018.02.000534

ISSN: 2578-0336
Volume2 Issue2


Soil washing is a remediation technology that can efficiently remove heavy metals from soil and decrease environmental risk. Due to the negative effect of conventional washing agents on soil quality, their replacement with novel, eco-friendly agents is necessary. This paper gives a basic presentation of the most promising washing agents that have high potential to be used at field scale: biodegradable chelators, biosurfactants, plant extracts, and dissolved organic matter including soluble low-weight organic matter and soluble humic substances. The main advantages of these novel agents are highlighted.

Keywords: Remediation; Chelators; Biosurfactants; Dissolved organic matter; Humic substances; waste

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