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Developments in Clinical & Medical Pathology

Study on Stress Among Male Resident Medical Students: A Cause of Concern

Neelam K1, Kumar S2, Malhotra M2, Sadotra S2, Kumar P3 and Sarwar Mir M4*

1 Former Medical Officer, India

2 IMO Grade 1 ESIC Hospital, India

3 Post Graduate, Indiau

4 Senior Resident, India

*Corresponding author: Sarwar Mir M, Senior Resident, India

Submission: December 12, 2018;Published: April 15, 2019

Volume1 Issue5
April, 2019

Abstract

Introduction: Stress is an inevitable part of medical education and is especially common in Resident medical scholars.

Objective: To study causes of stress among Resident medical students.

Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried in May 2015. A 140 male resident scholars were included and gave consent. A predesigned, semi structured questionnaire was used.

Result: Analysis shows that 71.4% of the respondents experienced stress. Being way from the family, large syllabus, and lack of time to revise were the major causes of stress among the students.

Conclusion: A good proportion of resident medical students were found to be stressed, with academic stressors being the major cause of stress among the subjects.

Keywords:Stress; Medical students; Residents; Hostels

Introduction

Stress is defined as a highly subjective phenomenon and it is a nonspecific response of body to any demand for change [1]. A stressor is defined as the personal or environmental event that causes stress. Stress is an inevitable part of medical education and can affect students at any stage of their study. Sleepless nights, depression [2] suicidal ideation [3] addictions to dependence-producing drugs for coping up with stress, and poor performance at examinations in spite of doing hard work are some of the ill effects of stress. Resident scholars are more prone to stress as they are away from family which adds to their woes. Thus, an attempt was made to study the stress among the resident medical scholars.

Objective

To Identify the causes leading to increased stress among Resident medical students.

Material and Methods

A cross sectional survey was carried out in a boy’s hostel of a medical college in Jammu and Kashmir. A total 100 hostel inmates participated in the process. A predesigned questionnaire was used to study the leading causes of stress. The first part comprised demographic information of students such as age, sex, and residence. The second part of the questionnaire included questions about the causative factors of stress. The third part consisted of questions related to activities done to relieve stress. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS2.0 and Excel.

Results

A total of 140 resident medical scholars participated in the study. A total of 100 (71.44%) respondents revealed some ill effects of stress (Figure1 & 2).

Figure 1:Causes of stress..


Figure 2:Stress coping strategies.


Discussion

This study confirmed the general impression that stress is common among medical students with a prevalence of 71.4% among our study group. The findings of this study are by and large similar to other studies [1,4-6]. The major cause of stress in the study is found out to be academic related which included large syllabus to be learnt, being away from family, lack of time to revise the subject, difficulty in understanding the subject, poor performance at the examination, and lack of recognition of work done by students. Other nonsignificant academic factors include poor relationship with professors, poor participation in class discussion, and lack of interest in learning. Poor performance in the examinations was accreted mainly owing to lack of time for revision and large content to be learnt [7].

Our study also included the type and measure of stress-coping skills adopted by the students 11, playing games and sports (30%) was the common strategy employed by the students to relive stress followed by use of social media like facebook (24%). About 21% of them were not involved in any activity to cope up with stress, 12% involved in listening to music, and 8% used sleeping to cope stress [8].

Conclusion

The study revealed that academic problems were greater sources of stress and being away from family was also a major cause of stress. Student distress may influence professional development and adversely impact academic performance contributing to academic dishonesty and substance abuse. Addressing these issues using professional help would go a long way in ameliorating their stress levels and in making their learning a pleasant affair.

References

  1. Sreedevi A, Rao GV, Bharath P, Reddy K, Parigala R, et al. (2016) Study on stress among first-year medical students of Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool. Int J Med Sci Public Health 5(5): 852-855.
  2. Sidik SM, Rampal L, Kaneson N (2003) Prevalence of emotional disorders among medical students in a Malaysian university. Asia Pacific Family Medicine banner 2(4): 213-217.
  3. Radhakrishnan R, Andrade C (2012) Suicide: An indian perspective. Indian J Psychiatry 54(4): 304-319.
  4. Madhyastha S, Latha KS, Kamath A (2014) Stress and coping among final year medical students. AP J Psychol Med 15(1):74-80.
  5. Stewart SM, Betson C, Marshall I, Wong CM, Lee PW, et al. (1995) Stress and vulnerability in medical students. Med Educ 29(2):119-127.
  6. Birks Y, McKendree J, Watt I (2009) Emotional intelligence and perceived stress in healthcare students: a multi-institutional, multi-professional survey. BMC Medical Education 9: 61.
  7. Firth J (1986) Levels and sources of stress in medical students. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 292(6529): 1177-1180.
  8. Kaufman DM, Day V, Mensink D (1996) Stressors in first-year medical school: comparison of a conventional and problem-based curriculum. Teaching and Learning in Medicine 8(4): 188-194.

© 2018 Sarwar Mir M. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.



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