1Department of Surgery, National defence University of Malaysia, Malaysia
2Department of Surgery, AIMST University, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: Thamilselvam P, Department of Surgery, National defence University of Malaysia, Malaysia
Submission: September 11, 2017;Published: September 20, 2017
Volume1 Issue1 September 2017
Pain is an unpleasant and sometime unbearable experience which can produce changes in all the systems of the body. Postoperative pain is both distressing and detrimental for the patient. The management of postoperative pain involves assessment of the pain in terms of intensity at rest and activity associated pain, treatment by pharmacological and non pharmacological means as well as monitoring induced side-effects. The pain would cause the patient to remain in bed and immobile, thus it would lead to DVT, pulmonary atelectasis, muscle wasting, bedsores, urinary retention and some psychological disorders. There are much analgesia which includes opioids and non-opioids. These can be delivered through many routes, neuraxial use of local anaesthetics, nerve blocks, and techniques such as patient controlled analgesia and pre-emptive analgesia have greatly improved the efficacy of pain-control while minimizing the side-effects of any one type. We focus the area of causes of pain and its management.
Keywords: Pain, Management, Post operative and Analgesics