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COJ Technical & Scientific Research

Structural Scheme of Electro Magneto Elastic Actuator for Nanotechnology and Nanoscience

Afonin SM*

National Research University of Electronic Technology, MIET, Moscow, Russia

*Corresponding author: Afonin SM, National Research University of Electronic Technology, MIET, Moscow, Russia

Submission: February 07, 2020; Published: February 24, 2020

Volume2 Issue4
February, 2020

Abstract

The structural parametric model, the structural scheme, the matrix transfer function, the characteristics of the electro magneto elastic actuator for nanotechnology and nanoscience are obtained. We consider the method of mathematical physics for the solution of the wave equation of the electro magneto elastic actuator with using the Laplace transform. The transfer functions of the electro magneto elastic actuator are described the characteristics of the actuator regarding its physical parameters and external load.

Keywords: Electro magneto elastic actuator; Piezo actuator; Structural-parametric model; Structural scheme; Transfer function

Introduction

The electro magneto elastic actuator on the piezoelectric, electrostriction, magnetostriction effects is used in the mechatronics control systems for nanotechnology and nanoscience [1- 6]. At work we consider the method of mathematical physics for the solution of the wave equation of the electro magneto elastic actuator with using the Laplace transform [7-14]. We have the structural-parametric model, the structural scheme and the matrix transfer function the electro magneto elastic actuator from equation of the magneto elastic elasticity and the decision of the wave equation [15-20]. The dynamic and static characteristics of the electro magneto elastic actuator are obtained for designing the mechatronics control systems of nanotechnology and nanoscience regarding its physical parameters and external load [21- 30].

Structural scheme

The method of the mathematical physics with the Laplace transform is applied for the solution the wave equation. The structural scheme of the electro magneto elastic actuator for nanotechnology and nanoscience is changed from Cady and Mason electrical equivalent circuits [5-8]. The equation of the electro magneto elasticity [5,8,12] has the following form

where Si is the relative displacement along axis i of the cross section of the piezo actuator, Ψm = {Em, Dm, Hm} is the control parameter, Em is the electric field strength for the voltage control along axis m, Dm is the electric induction for the current control along axis m, Hm is the magnetic field strength for the magneto control along axis m, Tj is the mechanical stress along axis j, vmi is the electro magneto elastic module, for example, the piezo module, SΨij is the elastic compliance for the control parameter, Ψ = const and the indexes i=1, 2, … , 6; j=1, 2, … , 6; m=1, 2, 3. The main size along axis i for the electro magneto elastic actuator is determined us the working length l = {δ,h,b} in form the thickness, the height or the width for the longitudinal, transverse or shift piezo effect.

For the construction the structural scheme of the electro magneto elastic actuator is used the wave equation [8,12,14] for the wave propagation in the long line with damping but without distortions. With using Laplace transform is obtained the linear ordinary secondorder differential equation. The problem for the partial differential equation of hyperbolic type using the Laplace transform is reduced to the simpler problem [6,8,14] for the linear ordinary differential equation.

Where, Ξ(x, p) is the Laplace transform of the displacement of the section of the electro magneto elastic actuator γ = p/cΨ + α , is the propagation coefficient, cΨ is the sound speed for the control parameter, Ψ = const , α is the damping coefficient. Using method of the mathematical physics with the Laplace transform [6,12,23,26] for the solution of the wave equation, the equation of the electro magneto elasticity, the boundary conditions, we have the structural-parametric model and the structural scheme of actuator for nanotechnology and nanoscience on (Figure 1) in the following form

Figure 1:Structural scheme of electro magneto elastic actuator for nanotechnology and nanoscience.


where

vmi is the electro magneto elastic module: dmi is the piezo module at the voltage-controlled piezo actuator or the magneto strictive coefficient for the magneto strictive actuator, gmi is the piezo module at the current-controlled piezo actuator, S0 is the cross section area, M1, M2 are the mass of the loads 1, 2,Ξ1(p), Ξ2(p)and F1(p), F2(p) are the Laplace transforms of the appropriate displacements and the forces on the faces 1, 2.

For nanotechnology and nanoscience, the structural scheme of the voltage controlled, or current controlled piezo actuator are obtained from its structural-parametric model. From the structural parametric model and the structural scheme of the electro magneto elastic actuator we have the transfer function, the static and dynamic characteristics of the actuator for nanotechnology and nanoscience.

Transfer function

The matrix transfer function [5,18,21,26] of the electro magneto elastic actuator for nanotechnology and nanoscience is received from its structural-parametric model in the form

(Ξ(p)) = (W(p)) (P(p))

where (Ξ(p)) is the column-matrix of the Laplace transforms of the displacements for the faces 1,2 of the electro magneto elastic actuator, (W(p)) is the matrix transfer function, (P(p)) the columnmatrix of the Laplace transforms of the control parameter and the forces. The transfer function of the voltage-controlled transverse piezo actuator is obtained for the elastic-inertial load at M1 →∞ , m < M2 and the approximation the hyperbolic cotangent by two terms of the power series in the form

where U(p) is the Laplace transform of the voltage on the plates of the piezo actuator, kt is the transfer coefficient, Tt is the time constant. ξt is the damping coefficient of the piezo actuator. Therefore for the piezo actuator from PZT with the elastic-inertial load at d31= 2.5∙10-10 m/V, h/δ =20, M2 = 4 kg, CE11 = 2.107 N/m , Ce = 0.5∙107 N/m we obtain values the transfer coefficient kt =4 nm/V and the time constant of the piezo actuator Tt = 0.4∙10-3 s. For calculations the mechatronics control systems in nanotechnology and nanoscience with the electro magneto elastic actuator its transfer functions are obtained.

Conclusion

The method of mathematical physics for the solution of the wave equation of the actuator with Laplace transform is used for receiving the structural-parametric model and the structural scheme of the electro magneto elastic actuator for nanotechnology and nanoscience. The structural-parametric model, the structural scheme and the transfer functions of the electro magneto elastic actuator for nanotechnology and nanoscience are described the characteristics of the electro elastic actuator about its physical parameters, external load.

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© 2020 Md. Zaved Hossain Khan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.



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