Mubashar MM1 and Mohammad SM2*
1 Department of Dermataology, India
2 Department of Hospital Adminstration, India
*Corresponding author:Mohammad SM, Department of Hospital Adminstration, SKIMS, Srinagar, India
Submission: May 31, 2018;Published: October 31, 2018
ISSN: 2639-0590 Volume1 Issue4
Background: Geriatric health care has been considered as an emerging issue due to the increase in life expectancy. Cutaneous lesions are more common among the elderly due to aging, which causes decline in the function of skin.
Objective: To determine the spectrum of dermatological manifestations among the elderly.
Materials and Methods: A total of 200 patients aged 60 years and above reporting to the health camp. Skin changes in all the patients were recorded and were classified into physiological and pathological changes.
Results: Among 200 patients studied, 72% were men and 28% were women. Eczema (44%) was the most common pathological condition followed by pruritus (38%), and xerosis was common among the physiological changes.
Conclusion: Geriatric population are one of the more vulnerable sections of our society. Majority of the elderly in this study had xerosis and eczema.
Keywords: Geriatric; Cutaneous manifestation; Eczema
In the twenty-first century, one of the biggest social transformations is population aging . The global share of older people (aged 60 years or above) increased from 9.2% in 1990 to 11.7% in 2013 and will continue to grow as a proportion of the world population, reaching 21.1% by 2050. At present, about twothirds of the world’s older persons live in developing countries. By 2050, nearly 8 in 10 of the world’s older population will live in the less developed regions . The most common problems in aging population are economic, psychosocial, mental, and medical morbidities.
Health has always been considered the primary concern in old age as aging predisposes elderly people to injuries and diseases. Skin diseases are common in elderly, and increased prevalence of skin disease may reflect underlying systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, neurological disease, vascular insufficiency and malignancy, and may also be due to restricted mobility/lack of care and compromised immune status. Because meeting health needs of the aging population is a priority and aging-related issue is drawing increasing attention in the present scenario, this study was undertaken to know the prevalence of skin problems among elderly . The main objective of this study was to determine the spectrum of cutaneous manifestations in geriatric population.
A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 elderly patients (aged group 60 years and above) attending health camp in June 2014. A structured questionnaire was used to obtain the data regarding the socio-demographic profile after obtaining the informed consent. A detailed history of cutaneous complaint including associated medical conditions followed by general physical, systemic, and dermatological examinations were carried out for all the patients Table 1 &2. Skin changes in all the patients were recorded and were classified into physiological and pathological changes.
Table 1:Distribution of physiological changes in geriatric population.
Table 2:Distribution of pathological changes in geriatric population.
Among the 200 patients, 72% (114) were men and 28% (56) were women.
Health has always been considered the primary concern in old age as aging predisposes elderly people to injuries and diseases. Skin diseases are common in elderly, and increased prevalence of skin disease may reflect underlying systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, neurological disease, vascular insufficiency and malignancy, and may also be due to restricted mobility/lack of care and compromised immune status.
A total of 200 patients aged 60 years and above were considered for this study. Xerosis was the most common physiological change seen in this study (90%), which is similar to that reported in the study by Durai et al.  and few other Indian studies  The high prevalence of xerosis could be attributed to less use of emollients and usage of harsher soaps by the subjects who mostly hail from semi-rural areas. Wrinkling was the second most common change, and most of the wrinkling seen in this study was on sun-exposed areas, which is similar to most of other studies [6-8].
In this study, eczematous conditions were seen in 44% patients. The suboptimal barrier functions of elderly skin associated with xerosis and pruritus were the common predisposing factors of the increased eczema prevalence in the elderly. Pruritus was the second most common finding in this study. The observed prevalence of pruritus in various studies ranged from 11.5% to 49.6% [4,6,7].
Elderly patients are one of the more vulnerable sections of our society. Majority of the elderly in this study had xerosis and eczema.
© 2018 Mohammad SM. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.