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COJ Nursing & Healthcare

Critical Factors Affecting the Impact of COVID-19 Within Nursing Homes

Submission: July 21, 2021; Published: September 07, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/COJNH.2021.07.000667

ISSN: 2577-2007
Volume7 Issue4


Context: Ageism, socioeconomic disparities, Medicare dependency, Medicaid inefficiency, and poor business practices have been longstanding critical factors affecting the operations of nursing home facilities and how they handle the palliative care of their elderly patients.

Objective: To examine the impact and ramifications of COVID-19 within various nursing home settings and how they interact with the multiple factors previously affecting long term care within nursing homes.

Methods: A qualitative literature review of various articles and research papers examining the impacts of COVID-19 throughout multiple nursing home facilities using various search engines, such as Google Scholar and the University of South Florida Library Database.

Findings: Based on the compilation of reviewed articles, the majority of the authors agreed that COVID-19 exacerbated the various issues already affecting nursing homes, which directly contributed to nursing homes being one of the most devastated social sectors by the global pandemic and the high fatality rates within these facilities.

Limitations: No personal research was able to be conducted and the data was not analyzed through quantitative/statistical means.

Implications: The findings indicate a substantial need for nursing home care reform that is adequately prepared to mitigate the effects of a global pandemic. Further research is needed on each of the critical factors previously affecting nursing home care in order to develop the most effective solutions to address these factors.

Keywords: COVID-19; Nursing homes; Ageism; Medicare; Medicaid; Socioeconomic disparities

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