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Cohesive Journal of Microbiology & Infectious Disease

An Opinion about the Socio-Economical Impact of Covid-19 on the Society of Pakistan

Asif Iqbal* and Ghulam Abbas

Riphah International University, Pakistan

*Corresponding author: Asif Iqbal, Riphah International University, Pakistan

Submission: September 01, 2020; Published: September 10, 2020

DOI: 10.31031/CJMI.2020.03.000582

ISSN 2582-0190
Volume4 issues2

Opinion

Human population is going to increase up to 7 billion and parallel to this huge increase of population a variety of serious public health problems are also prevailing in the world. During the last few years, several viral epidemics of corona virus {such as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) corona virus prevailed in 2002 to 2003 and H1N1 influenza in 2009} have caused large number of human deaths worldwide. Corona viruses are group of viruses having single-stranded positive sense RNA viruses of 27 to 34 kilo bases and helical evenness nucleocapsid. Such viruses belong to the Corona vridae family and show up simply like spiked rings when seen through an electron magnifying lens. Corona viruses isolated in various species of animals and can cross species barriers. The word corona virus is a subordinate of the Latin crown, which means crown or radiance, that states to the common look demonstrative of a crown or avsunlight based crown around the virions. The surface of these viruses looks with special spikes, which are helpful to attack and tie living cells. Corona viruses are famous to cause infections from about 30% of common cold/flu (the basic regular cold sickness) to extreme ailments like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and SARS-CoV. The MERS-CoV was first identified in 2012 in Saudi Arabia.

Reports of novel corona infection flare-up are begun in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in December 2019, when another strain of corona virus was distinguished on 31st December 2019 (WHO, 2020). World Health Organization (WHO) has offered name to this infection as 2019-nCoV which was later renamed as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. The infections brought about by this infection is called as corona virus ailment 2019 and condensed as COVID-19 [CO: crown, VI: infection, D: illness and 19: 2019 year]. This infection was found to have 86.9% likeness to a bat corona virus, and, consequently, is suspected to create from bats. This infection is out broken in pneumonia kind of illness with respiratory issues, prompting demise because of respiratory disappointment. Around 210 nations and domains have been accounted for to be tainted with significant flare-ups in the USA, China, South Korea, Italy, Iran, Japan, and so forth ringing about 2.2 million patients with more than 0.15 million passings all inclusive. The United States of America is the most influenced nation with the most elevated patients of about 0.7 million and around 35,000 passings.About 334,981 confirmed cases were reported worldwide since the start of the epidemic up till March 23, 2020 and out of these, 4.74% (14652) have been declared as critical whereas this figure increased to a total number of 25,118,689 confirmed cases and 844,312 deaths until August 31, 2020 (WHO health emergency dashboard).  The COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan is part of the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2. This novel virus prevailed/reported (two cases were reported) in Pakistan on 26 February 2020. A student (in Karachi) returning from Islamic Republic Iran who was +ve for COVID-19 and another person reported +ve in the Islamabad. Meanwhile cases were also reported in all four provinces on March 18, 2020.  In Pakistan a total number of 295,849 confirmed cases of COVID-19 have been reported out of these 6,294 deaths were reported due to COVID-19 from Feb 26 to August 31, 2020.

In the current situation, COVID-19 has influenced all the divisions of society. There is a major misfortune internationally, and it can't be assessed precisely. Be that as it may, a few viewpoints are talked about in this. These days, the entire world is much the same as a family where everybody needs to add to run the family. The movement boycott has been forced by certain nations bringing about a huge number of dollars misfortunes to the carriers and the travelling industry. There remained deficiency of prescriptions, sanitizers, veils, and different wares, which has climbed the costs of these commodities than ordinal rates. The different capacities, particularly logical gatherings, conferences, games, style shows, and the marriage parties has been strongly affected  due to effort to stay away from, this has led a major social effect on society and affect the livelihood of citizens of most of the countries. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has temporarily restricted Umrah (journey) for the pioneers to Mecca and Medina (the two holiest urban communities of the Islam religion) even the number of visitors were for pilgrim were also announced to be kept in a least number to avoid the disaster on annual Hajj days. Every one of these mentioned variables influenced the neighborhood and worldwide offer business sectors seriously. Most of the universities, colleges and school of the world are remained closed and a large number of the understudies are not getting a decent nature of instruction. It is extremely hard to evaluate this misfortune as far as cash yet has a major drawback to the understudies and their families. Quickly, there is a major misfortune to the overall economy and the master surveyed lost about 2.7 trillion US dollars.

Economical Impact

COVID-19 emergency has threatens to unfairly by hitting economy of most of the nation’s especially underdeveloped and developing countries Pakistan, not just as a general wellbeing emergency temporarily but also as an overwhelming monetary and social emergency during the outbreak and years to come. For example, $220 billion pay misfortunes are normal in creating nations as per the United Nations Development Program (UNDP, 2020). For the Pakistani economy, was extended by the Asian Development Bank to diminish by 3.3% in 2019 to 2.6% by 2020, and this expansion liable to persevere around 11.5% for 2020. Directly, Pakistan is confronting numerous difficulties including destitution, food uncertainty and persistent common and artificial debacles and so forth. The nation has a 24% of the all-out populace living beneath the public destitution line and 38.8% are poor dependent on the Multidimensional Poverty Index (Humanitarian Response, 2019). This nastiest circumstance is additionally reflected in food security as a somber picture. For example, 20.5% of the complete populace is accounted for to be undernourished during the 2015–2017 timespan as per an ongoing report (Humanitarian Response, 2019). In this manner, the COVID-19 lockdown is an intense decision for a nation like Pakistan as countless destitute individuals will be starving to death; however, Pakistanis defeated the disaster with great courage and endurance. The Government of Pakistan announced an economy loss of Rs 2.5 trillion due to the corona-virus pandemic on 2 April.  However, despite of this devastating situation Government tried well to keep people remained employed through smart lockdown control. Mango export was reported to decline on June 2, 2020, due to the COVID-19 attack. Under this harsh condition the Government announced plans on June 5, 2020 to privatize some of state-run industries including Pakistan Steel Mills which led to over 9300 employees to become unemployed.

Social Impact

COVID-19 had badly affected the social set up of Pakistan and other nations around the globe. Most of the businesses are around to close and use of technology, electric currency and online teaching and purchasing system is prevailed throughout the globe. Universally about 55% of the individuals are reported to have no appropriate social insurance affecting the social orders and may affect on training framework, basic freedoms just as fundamental food security and provisions in the most extraordinary cases (UNDP, 2020). COVID-19 pandemic have caused uprising of jobless level and psychological well-being sufferings in the society, destitution and starvation in the coming years. Yet, there are no reliable assessments on – what number of periods the COVID-19 pandemic will endure, what numbers of individuals need to starve, what number of lives to forfeit, and what will be the finish of this emergency (Mamun and Griffiths, 2020a). Notwithstanding, the public and universal specialists should concentrate on and uphold the unprivileged individuals for intentional premise. Plus, no intrigue and discretionary ban on EMIs credits can be accommodated lessening the money related downturns and weights if the free aids are unrealistic with the overall restricted assets. Ultimately, the various kinds past advances should allow to concede a ban up to the furthest limit of COVID-19.

The pandemic not just brought the high death rate from the viral disease yet additionally mental rest and mental calamity to the remainder of the world. Such vulnerability of pandemic flare-up of irresistible illness from its clinical introduction, irresistible causes, epidemiological highlights, quick transmission design, reality of general wellbeing sway, oddity, scale, suggestion for global general wellbeing, and underprepared wellbeing offices to address the pandemic episode of COVID-19 have significantly high potential for mental dread virus too and regularly bring about predominant huge number of mental issues, for example, dread, nervousness, shame, bias, minimization towards the infection and its connection surprisingly extending from beneficial to in danger people to mind laborers. Mass isolate could cause a feeling of aggregate insanity, dread, and nervousness in wellbeing laborers working in emergency clinics, inpatient and outpatient care, huge tertiary consideration places, network based emergency clinics, essential consideration settings, nursing homes, helped living offices and all seclusion units. The clinical human services laborers who are uncovered and in direct contact with the affirmed and suspected coronavirus cases are defenseless against both high hazard contamination and psychological wellness issues – stressed, frightened, encountering loss and injury. With the coming of COVID-19 in Pakistan, clinical specialists have been feeling the squeeze including high danger of disease, deficient hardware for wellbeing from infection, seclusion, fatigue, and absence of contact with family. The seriousness is bringing about additional psychological well-being issues which impact clinical specialists' dynamic capacity as well as have long haul adverse impact on their general prosperity. The unremitting pressure clinical medicinal services laborers is encountering could trigger mental issues of tension, dread, alarm assaults, posttraumatic stress indications, mental pain, disgrace and evasion of contact, burdensome inclinations, rest unsettling influences, weakness, relational social disengagement from family social help and concern with respect to virus presentation to their loved ones. The abrupt job inversion from a human services supplier to the COVID-19 declared or associated quiet possibly lead to detect with dissatisfaction, defenselessness, and change difficulties in social insurance experts. However on the other hand during COVID-19 pandemic lock down globe took a chance to rejuvenate itself that has led to onset of better/pleasant weather and global environment during the pandemic and afterward coming years.  People become more aware of hygiene and disinfection procedure. Better clean and hygienic life style (using hand sanitizers, masks and better cleaning/disinfecting the houses), following SOPs improve the life standard of citizens of Pakistan which led to cut down the overall expanses health commodities (medicines etc) and reduce the death rate due to other infectious diseases.

© 2020 Asif Iqbal. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.

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