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Abstract

Cohesive Journal of Microbiology & Infectious Disease

Which Disinfection Method is Effective for Water Disinfection

  • Open or CloseGülnur Tarhan*

    Department of Medical Microbiology, Adiyaman University, Turkey

    *Corresponding author:Gülnur Tarhan, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Microbiology, Adıyaman University, Turkey

Submission: April 14, 2019; Published: May 10, 2019

DOI: 10.31031/CJMI.2019.02.000544

ISSN: 2578-0190
Volume2 Issue4

Abstract

An effective drinking and pool water disinfection is the most important public health reponsibility. The raw water obtained from natural sources is treated by using three basic steps: sedimentation, ventilation and filtration. With good treatment, the number of bacteria in water can be reduced by 99.5%. The water must be disinfected after pretreatment. Disinfection is generally carried out by chemical, physical or mechanical methods. The chemicals used in the disinfection process are chlorine and chlorine compounds, bromine and iodine compounds, ozone, phenol and phenolic compounds, alcohols, various dyes, soaps and synthetic detergents, ammonium compounds, hydrogen peroxide, various alkalis and acids. The use of heat and light are physical disinfection methods. With in these methods, chlorination is the most common, effective and cheapest disinfection method of water. At the same time, it is an effective microbiocide against all water-borne pathogens, although it can cause by-products after disinfection of drinking or pool water disinfection. In general, other disinfection methods are used as a supplement.

Keywords:Pool; Drinking water; Disinfection

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