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Abstract

Approaches in Poultry, Dairy & Veterinary Sciences

Impact of Climate Change on Small Ruminants Production: A Review

  • Open or CloseJyotsnarani Biswal1, Kennady Vijayalakshmy2* and Habibar Rahman3

    1Scientific Consultant, International Livestock Research Institute, India

    2Research Officer, International Livestock Research Institute, India

    3Regional Representative for South Asia, International Livestock Research Institute, India

    *Corresponding author:Kennady Vijayalakshmy, Research Officer, International Livestock Research Institute, India

Submission: December 14, 2020;Published: January 29, 2021

DOI: 10.31031/APDV.2021.08.000680

ISSN : 2576-9162
Volume8 Issue1

Abstract

Sheep and goats, known as small ruminants, are an important component group of livestock, representing 58% of the global domestic ruminant population. Both sheep and goats are adapted well under varied climatic conditions including harsh climates. The large-scale presence of these animals in the arid regions indicates the adaptability of these animals to the hotter climatic conditions. the impact of climate change and consequential heat stress conditions, however, has been found to affect the growth and production, milk yield, feed intake, reproductive performance, and other biological functions of these animals. Through the present paper, an effort has been made to review the impact of the elevated environmental temperatures on the production performance of sheep and goats and provide certain alleviation strategies to overcome the climatic extremes.

Keywords:Climate change;Heat stress; Small ruminants;Sheep;Goat

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