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Aspects in Mining & Mineral Science

Different Morphology of ZnO Nanostructures Using Hydrothermal and Electro-Deposition Technique

Sarangi SN1*, Acharya S2 and Biswal SK2

1Institute of Physics, PO- Sainik School, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar-751005, India

2Centurion University Of Technology & Management, At-Ramchandrapur, PO-Jatni, Bhubaneswar, Dist: Khurda-752050, Odisha, India

*Corresponding author: Sarangi SN, Institute of Physics, P.O. Sainik School, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar-751005, India

Submission: February 15, 2018; Published: March 19, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/AMMS.2018.01.000515

ISSN: 2578-0255
Volume1 Issue3

Introduction

The different morphology of ZnO material is possible by using hydrothermal synthesis and electro-chemical synthesis procedure. We have used zinc nitrate (Zn(NO3)2. 6H2O) and hexamethylenetetramine (HMT) ((CH2)6N4) salts as starting material for synthesis of ZnO hydrothermal synthesis and electrochemical synthesis procedure. The field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) techniques was used to observe the effect of precursor variation in hydrothermal technique and deposition time period in electrochemical technique on the morphology of the ZnO nanostructures.

One-dimensional semiconductor nanostructures such as nanorods, nanowires, nanosheets, and nanotubes have attracted much attention due to their unique properties which is useful for various applications [1,2]. Zinc oxide (ZnO) has been widely studied because of its unique properties and applications in the field of optoelectronics, photo detector, photo catalysis, sensors and nanotechnology [1-7]. Solution phase methods have been used to synthesize ZnO nanostructures because of their popular chemical procedure and its simplicity which is carried out at ambient or slightly elevated temperature. Hydrothermal growth technique and electrochemical techniques are found to be a simple and cost-effective technique for preparing ZnO materials nanorods [1,2]. In the present work, ZnO materials of different morphology were prepared by hydrothermal growth technique and electro-deposition technique and the morphology of the ZnO nanostructures/macrostructure have been investigated.

We have already published the synthesis of ZnO via hydrothermal technique [1] and electro-deposition technique [2]. Two samples of precursor concentrations 10mM and 500mM prepared using hydrothermal methods, renamed as 10mM- S1 and 500mM- S2 and two other samples were prepared using electrodeposition technique for 5 minutes and 20 minutes deposition period were renamed as S3 and S4 respectively. The morphology of samples was investigated by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM).

Figure 1: The FESEM image of ZnO nanostructures (a) Sample S1 (10mM concentration), (b) Sample S2, (500mM) concentration.

Figure 1 shows the FESEM images of ZnO materials and the effects of precursor concentration on the morphology of ZnO. Figure 1 (a) shows the morphology of sample S1 where the precursor concentration was chosen to be 10 mM. The length of the nanorods found to be more than2.0 |im and the diameter of the ZnO nanorods are in the range of 60 to 80nm. Similarly, Figure 1 (b) shows the morphology of sample S2 where the precursor concentration was chosen to be 500mM and the micrograph shows, instead of nanorods, macro structure/ thin film like morphology was observed. The increase in precursor concentration increases the availability of nucleation center on the surface of the substrate thus induces different morphology.

Figure 2 (a) shows the morphology of sample S3 where the electro-deposition time was set for 5 minutes and Figure 2(b) shows the morphology of sample S4where the deposition time was set for 20 minutes. This result suggests that, with increase in electro-deposition duration, the rate of growth of ZnO nanorodson ITO substrate can be increased. In conclusion, tuning in morphology of ZnO material is possible using hydrothermal and electro-deposition technique by varying the precursor concentration and electro-deposition time respectively.

In conclusion, tuning in morphology of ZnO material is possible using hydrothermal and electro-deposition technique by varying the precursor concentration and electro-deposition time respectively.

Figure 2: The FESEM image of ZnO nanostructures (a) Sample S3 (5min), (b) Sample S4, (20min) duration.


References

  1. Sarangi SN, Nozaki S, Sahu SN (2015) ZnO nanorod-based non-enzymatic optical glucose biosensor. J Biomed Nanotechll (6): 988-996.
  2. SN Sarangi (2016) Controllable growth of ZnO nanorods via electrode position technique: towards UV photo-detection. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 49 (35): 355103.
  3. Chen H, Zhao L, Wang G, Fang W (2017) Direct growth of ZnO nanorods on biogenic hierarchical rice husk SiO2 and their application to dye degradation, Clean Techn Environ Policy, 19(5): 1335-1345.
  4. Zhao Y, Yu N, Dong X, Yan H (2017) Large area growth of ZnO Nanorods arrays on the stainless steel grid by aqueous solutions, Materials Research Innovations, 21(7): 447-450.
  5. Husham M, Nizar MH, Paiman S, Abuelsamen AA, Farhat OF, et al. (2017) Synthesis of ZnO nanorods by microwave-assisted chemical-bath deposition for highly sensitive self-powered UV detection application. Sensor Act A 263: 166-173.
  6. Jeem M, Zhang L, Ishioka J, Shibayama T, Iwasaki T, et al. (2017) Tuning optoelectrical properties of ZnO nanorods with excitonicdefects via submerged illumination. Nano Lett 17(3): 2088-2093.
  7. Tiwari S, Vinchurkar M, Rao VR, Garnier G (2017) Zinc oxide nanorods functionalized paper for protein pre-concentration in bio diagnostics. Sci Rep 7: 43905.

© 2018 Sarangi SN, et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially.

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