1Department of Animal Microbiology, Tohoku University, Japan
2Department of Engineering, Osaka Electro-Communication University, Japan
*Corresponding author: Takahiro Iwaya, Laboratory of Animal Microbiology, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-0845, Japan, Tel: +81-22-757-4366; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Submission: September 19, 2017; Published: December 07, 2017
Volume2 Issue2 December 2017
The anti-bacterial effects of green tea catechins (GTCs) have been extensively studied. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG), the most abundant in GTCs, has shown the highest anti-microbial effect among GTCs. This review focuses on anti-bacterial effects and veterinary use of GTCs and EGCG. EGCG shows inhibition of bacterial growth and bio-film formation, and bactericidal effect, resulting from stress response and damage of cell membrane. In veterinary use, feed addition of EGCG and TE brought health improvement to livestock.
Keywords: Green tea catechins; Anti-bacterial effects; Bio-film
Abbreviations: GTCs: Green Tea Catechins; EGCG: (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-Gallate; ECG: (-)-Epicatechin Gallate; EGC: (-)-Epigallocatechin; EC: (-)-Epicatechin; MIC: Minimum Inhibitory Concentration; MBC: Minimum Bactericidal Concentration; CFU: Colony Forming Unit; MRSA: Methicillin- Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus; EHEC: Enterohemorrhagic E. Coli; EC35G: (-)-Epicatechin-3,5-O-Digallate; TE: Tea Extract