1 Associate Professor in Political Science, Assumption Autonomous College, India
2 Associate Professor & Research Guide, Postgraduate and Research Department of Political Science, India
3 Professor of Biosciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, India
*Corresponding author:JG Ray, Professor, School of Biosciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala, India
Submission: August 03, 2018; Published: September 04, 2018
ISSN: 2637-7659 Volume3 Issue3
Kuttanad, the broad below-sea-level polder-farming-system located around the Vembanad Ramsar site is the second globally significant agricultural heritage system (GIAHS) of the FAO in South India. Once, Kuttanad was well known for its rich and traditional indigenous farming practices and the associated high aquatic biodiversity. However, intensive green-revolution practices and regular sewage inflow from the up towns for the past few decades caused the entire wetlands to remain eutrophicated. Continuous application of diverse agrochemicals in the paddy fields and leakage of diesel and engine oil from the intensive operation of tourist diesel-boats in the water bodies results in excessive accumulation of toxic residues in Kuttanad. The fish and other aquatic biodiversity-wealth of Kuttanad are destroyed and the farming remains highly uneconomical. Therefore, the ‘GIAHS’ title of Kuttanad is an opportunity to regain its lost ecological balance. Invitation of global attention to the fact is the principal objective of this investigation.
Keywords: Ecosystem degradation; Agricultural environment; Eutrophication; GIAHS; Kuttanad