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COJ Biomedical Science & Research

Licentiates and Graduates, Degrees and Certificates of Competence: A Critique of Present-Day University Education

  • Open or CloseAyoade MS*

    *Independent Researcher, Nigeria

    *Corresponding author: Ayoade MS, Independent Researcher, Nigeria

Submission: October 02, 2020; Published: November 25, 2020

Volume1 Issue3
November 2020


A university is basically an organization that conducts research and awards degrees. Simply put a university is a degree awarding institution-bachelors, masters, doctorates etc. But what is a degree? The definition of a degree in the 1965 Oxford Dictionary is “academic rank conferred as guarantee of proficiency”. However, the 2018 Oxford dictionary defines a degree as “the qualification obtained by students who have successfully completed a university or college course”. In the modern definition, the “rank” part has been removed from the definition. Rank evokes gentry/gentlemen/men of high-class etcetera. The rank definition more properly reflects the intention of the original universities.

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