1Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia
2Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: Umar Al-Amani Azlan, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100, Hang Tuah Jaya, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Submission: November 11, 2017; Published: February 01, 2018
ISSN: 2576-8840Volume3 Issue3
This short communication revealed the importance of Samarium, Sm as a dopant in Sodium Potassium Niobate, KNN thin films. It was found that the surface roughness of about 1.583nm was reduced with Sm doping. Furthermore, the microstructure of doping films was more uniform in term of size and shape. This also led to the improvement of dielectric properties.
Keywords: KNN, Sm, Thin films, Doping