Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering Department, Washington State University, USA
*Corresponding author: Su Ha, The Voiland School of Chemical Engineering and Bioengineering, Washington State University, Pullman, USA, Tel: 1-509- 335-3786; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Submission: February 26, 2018; Published: March 21, 2018
ISSN 2637-8035Volume1 Issue3
Direct bio-fuel solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can play a key role in reducing greenhouse gases, reducing U.S. dependence on imported oil and moving us toward future energy independence [1- 9]. Direct bio-fuel SOFCs can directly convert the chemical energy of bio-derived fuels into electrical energy as shown in Figure 1(A) [1,2]. In order to efficiently operate them, it is critical to develop a high-performance anode that can directly process bio-fuels [1-4]. Metal oxides with mixed conductivities, which transport both ions and electrons in a single phase, can be used as anodes for this application [5-14].