Department of Internal Medicine, Krankenhaus Nordwest, Germany
*Corresponding author: Florian Bert, Department of Internal Medicine, Krankenhaus Nordwest, Steinbacher Hohl 2-26, 60488 Frankfurt/Main, Germany, Tel: +49-69-7601-4147; Fax: +49-69-7601-3614; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Submission: August 21, 2017; Published: November 07, 2017
Volume1 Issue1 November 2017
Early discovery of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis is becoming more relevant because of enhanced incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. There a many underlying factors in developing liver fibrosis (i.e. viral hepatitis, steatohepatitis). Diagnosis of liver fibrosis is difficult; chronic liver failure and less distinct fibrosis stages can be underestimated, when laboratory routine parameters and native ultrasound of the liver are unsuspicious. Liver biopsy is a common element of diagnostic workup in hepatic cirrhosis, alongside clinical examination and abdominal ultrasound, and is the accepted diagnostic gold standard. But there is no unitary system of histological classification used to evaluate the degree of fibrosis, and individual systems are often validated only for individual disease entities. On the other hand liver biopsy is of less tolerance for patients. In the last years serological markers for detecting liver fibrosis were developed with different validity. Various imaging modalities have been proposed as methods for assessing liver fibrosis by liver stiffness measurement. They are sufficient to approve the suspicious of liver fibrosis and/or to uncover unknown chronic liver failure. Studies showed the clinical usefulness of acoustic radiation force impulse shear wave elasticity imaging (ARFI-SWEI) is efficient as a preventive screening method to uncover fibrosis. The ARFI-SWEI system is integrated in an ultrasound device has a good accuracy and high reproducibility. Therapy of liver fibrosis depends on underlying disease and degree of liver failure. When liver failure can be cured liver fibrosis can regress. Direct antifibrotic drugs are actually not available but in progress.
Keywords: Liver fibrosis; Liver failure; Liver elastography; Ultrasound; Biomarkers; Antifibrotic therapy