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Abstract

Environmental Analysis & Ecology Studies

Charred Rice Hull as Soil Additive to Reduce Arsenic Uptake by Oryza sativa in a Rice Farm

  • Agwaramgbo Lovell*, Ruby Broadway, Shelby Edwards, ShaKayla Nunez and Joy Semien

    Department of Chemistry, Dillard University, USA

    *Corresponding author: Dr. Agwaramgbo Lovell E, Interim Chair and Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), Dillard University, Louisiana, PSB 342-G, USA, Fax: (504) 816-4313; Tel: (504) 816-4489; Email: lagwaramgbo@dillard.edu

Submission: March 09, 2018; Published: April 13, 2018

DOI: 10.31031/EAES.2018.02.000531

ISSN: 2578-0336
Volume2 Issue2

Abstract

The ecosystem (land, water, air) and the organisms that inhabit it are exposed to various heavy metals at varying levels. However, concerns arise when the potential exist for the levels of these toxicants to exceed the regulatory thresholds. Arsenic is a well-known soil and water contaminant with reported toxic and detrimental risks to the ecosystem, human health, aquatic and terrestrial animals, and plants. Intake of arsenic contaminated water and food diet form the major source of arsenic exposure to humans. Rice paddy rice (Oryza sativa), a major staple food for many countries of the world has been reported to have the capacity to accumulate a large amount of arsenic from contaminated soil or from contaminated irrigation water. The sources of these arsenic could be as a result of old agricultural practices that utilized arsenate insecticide. Chinese fern has been identified as a potential agent for the phytoremediation of arsenic contaminated soil. Additionally, biochars and charcoal have been used for the remediation of Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd from contaminated water. The project reported here investigated the use of charred rice hulls for the remediation of arsenic contaminated rice farm in the North-Western part of Louisiana. Results demonstrate that rice is an accumulator of arsenic if the soil is contaminated with arsenic. Irrigation water was not a source of arsenic contamination for this project for all the irrigation water samples showed no trace of arsenic. Furthermore, the rice hull and rice straw from previous year used in the preparation of the charred biomaterial appear to be contaminated and thus, increased the soil arsenic but decreased arsenic uptake into the rice grain.

keywords: Fertilizers; Oryza sativa; Pesticides; Phytoremediation; Herbicide

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