Chemical Industry Department, University of Biskra, Algeria
*Corresponding author: Elbar D, Laboratory of Chemical Molecular, University of Biskra 07000, Algeria, Tel: +2130665972788; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Submission: February 01, 2018; Published: March 27, 2018
Volume1 Issue3 March 2018
A direct leaching on the hydrometallurgical residue with sulfuric acid was developed in this work. The influence of leaching temperature, the leaching time, the particle size and the sulfuric acid concentration was examined. Results of leaching studies that the recovery extraction of Zn, Fe and Cu for hydrometallurgical residue increases with increasing acid concentration and temperature; while it decreases with particle size.
The optimum conditions for the extraction Zn, Fe and Cu are: leaching temperature 85 °C; sulfuric acid concentration 2 mol.L-1; the smaller particle size 63μm and the solid-to-liquid ratio 1:10. After 2 h of leaching treatment at these optimum conditions, over 80% of metals are extracted from the residues.
The shrinking core model for the diffusion was established to control the mechanism with surface chemical reaction as the rate controlling step for the dissolution process.
Keyword: Hydrometallurgical residue; Leaching; Sulfuric acid; Dissolution kinetics